FAST FACTS: What you need to know about the PH education system
MANILA, Philippines – About 500 education stakeholders are gathering at the SMX Convention Center in SM Mall of Asia from November 3 to 4 to discuss key challenges in the Philippine education sector. (READ: Education stakeholders to gather for Education Summit in 2016)
The summit, led by the Department of Education (DepEd), Commission on Higher Education (CHED), and Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), also aims to gather inputs from the participants, which will be included in the Philippine Development Plan (2017-2022).
In time for the summit, here are some of the things you need to know about the country's education system.
1. 3 agencies oversee the education system.
3 agencies handle different levels of education: DepEd for basic education, CHED for tertiary and graduate education, and TESDA for technical-vocational courses and middle education.
"Trifocalization" was among the recommendations of the Congressional Commission on Education (EDCOM) in 1992, which aimed to oversee the current state of Philippine education.
2. Biggest chunk of the national budget.
3. PH was the last country in Asia to have a 10-year pre-university cycle.
Prior to the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, which added two more years to the country's basic education, the Philippines was the last country in Asia, and one of only 3 countries (Angola and Djibouti) worldwide, with a 10-year pre-university cycle. (READ: Infographic: 10 things about K to 12)
4. The curriculum of Muslim schools includes Islamic teachings.
As part of the government’s “Education for All” mandate, the Madrasah Education Program was adopted in madaris (Muslim schools) especially in Mindanao. The Arabic Language and Islamic Values (ALIVE) are part of the basic education curriculum of these schools.
In 2004, DepEd released DO 51, s. 2004 ordering madaris to adopt a standard curriculum for both private and public, for the following reasons:
- Public schools do not include Arabic language and Islamic values, making Muslims ignorant of their religion and the language of the Holy Qur-an
- Private madaris do not follow the Philippine education curriculum, thereby turning students into virtual foreigners in their own country
5. School days may not exceed a certain number.
Under Republic Act 7797, each school year may not exceed 220 school days "inclusive of class days which may be subsequently suspended due to natural or man-made calamities." The school year may not start earlier than the first Monday of June and not later than the last day of August.
To prepare for the ASEAN Economic Community in 2015, several universities in the country expressed their intention to shift their academic calendar so they can start classes in August. (READ: CHED: School calendar shift not for all)
One of the issues clarified by CHED then was the academic calendar shift, as some universities like the University of Santo Tomas and De La Salle University were considering a September-June academic calendar.
CHED said that it will allow higher education institutions (HEIs) to change their academic calendars as long as these are in accordance with the law.
6. There are more than 2,000 HEIs all over the country.
As of 2016, there are 2,388 HEIs in the country. In 2015, there were 1,708 private HEIs and 680 public HEIs. Most of the private HEIs are in the National Capital Region while most of the public HEIs are in CALABARZON and Western Visayas.
Among these public HEIs are state universities and colleges, which are institutions established by law, administered and financially subsidized by the government, as defined by CHED.
The top SUC in terms of enrollment in 2016 is the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, with 79,372 enrollees as of September 2016.
Meanwhile, there are also local universities and colleges (LUCs) established and financed by local government units through resolutions or ordinances.
Check this story for more figures on PH education. – Rappler.com
Watch the 2016 Education Summit livestream here.