MANILA, Philippines – The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) said it is ready to step in and intervene in the foreign exchange market if there is excess volatility in the movement of the peso against the US dollar.
BSP Governor Amando Tetangco Jr said on Wednesday, November 23, that the weakness of the peso is not unique to the Philippines as other emerging market currencies are also weakening due to the strength of the greenback.
“We are sticking to our current foreign exchange policy of allowing market forces of basically determine the exchange rate,” Tetangco said in his speech at the 2016 Security Bank Economic Forum in Makati City.
“But at the same time we also do not want to see the exchange rate becoming out of line and we don’t want to see too much volatility in exchange rate movements such that this can cause the disanchoring of the expectations,” he added.
Looking at the movements of Asian regional currencies, Tetangco explained the peso is basically in the middle of the range in terms of both the actual movement – depreciation since the beginning of the year – and in terms of volatility of exchange rate movements.
He pointed out that expectations of an interest rate hike in the US next month has risen, as US president-elect Donald Trump is expected to push for increased spending and more rapid economic growth that may result in higher inflation and higher interest rates.
“So because of that, we are seeing the flow of capital out of emerging markets and back to the US,” Tetangco added.
The peso on Wednesday, November 23, shed one centavo to hit a fresh 8-year low. It opened stronger at P49.82 to $1 but hit an intra-day low of P49.94.
The local currency closed at P49.86 from Tuesday’s 49.85. Trading volume declined to $360.5 million from Tuesday’s $520 million.
“We also look at how the other regional currencies are moving and compare that with how the peso. As well as what’s happening to the dollar. How the peso is moving and what’s happening in the US dollar, what’s happening in the US. Most of these are external-induced,” the BSP chief said.
Tetangco cited the sustained gross domestic product (GDP) growth for the past 71 quarters after expanding faster at 7.1% in the third quarter, while inflation averaged 1.6% in the first 10 months of the year.
The country’s gross international reserves (GIR) level stood at $85.75 billion by end-October, while the banking sector continued to fund the requirement of a growing economy.
“So we’re in a good position at this point. As I said, we just need to further enhance our surveillance and continue to build buffers because there are many moving parts in the external sector, in the global economy,” he said. – Rappler.com