Argentina secures deal on 'impossible' debt

Recession-hit Argentina announced on Tuesday, August 4, it has reached an agreement with 3 major creditors over the restructuring of a $66-billion debt, which the International Monetary Fund (IMF) described as a "very significant step" to solving its latest sovereign default crisis.

The government of President Alberto Fernandez had set an August 4 deadline to complete a deal but it has now pushed the date to August 24 "to give effect to the agreement," which came after months of wrangling and extensions.

"We resolved an impossible debt in the biggest economic crisis in memory and in the midst of the pandemic," said a delighted Fernandez. "Now the horizon is clear for where we want to go to."

IMF chairwoman Kristalina Georgieva congratulated Fernandez on Twitter, adding, "Look forward to a successful conclusion in the interest of all."

Argentina's economy ministry said in a statement that the deal "will allow members of the creditor groups and such other [bond] holders to support Argentina's debt restructuring proposal and grant Argentina significant debt relief." 

The bonds, issued under foreign legislation, represent roughly a fifth of the country's $324-billion debt, which amounts to around 90% of its gross domestic product.

Argentina has been in default – for the 9th time in its history – since May 22 when the country missed a deadline to pay $500 million in interest on the debt that is subject to the current negotiation.

It missed another deadline last week to pay $600 million more.

Sustainability doubts

The deal involves the Ad Hoc, Argentina Creditor Committee, and Exchange Bondholder groups, as well as "certain other significant holders," the economy ministry said.

The creditors said in a statement they were "happy to have reached a preliminary agreement" that would "provide the country the economic relief necessary for a sustainable path that is needed due to COVID-19."

Last month, the 3 major groups, claiming to represent "60% of the exchange bonds and 51% of the global bonds in circulation," giving them veto power over any deal, said they had rejected Argentina's latest proposal.

Argentina had offered a deal that represented 53.5 cents on the dollar – a significant improvement on its original starting position of 39 cents – but the creditor groups were holding out for 56.5 cents on the dollar.

The two sides found agreement at just over 54 cents on the dollar, an official source told Agence France-Presse (AFP).

The deal "allays fears of another debilitating legal scrap, akin to what followed the country's 2001 default," Nikhil Sanghani of analysts Capital Economics said.

But he warned that "we doubt that the deal is enough to bring sustainability to Argentina's public debt over the medium to long term."

The payment dates on new bonds have been brought forward by a couple of months "without increasing the aggregate amount of principal payments or interest payments that Argentina commits to make," the economy ministry said.

Argentina has also agreed to advance the maturity dates for its bonds issued in 2005, 2010, and 2016.

"The economic issue is resolved, we just need to see the legal aspects in detail," analyst Sebastian Maril told AFP.

More debt troubles loom

Although Argentina lost its access to international markets two years ago, reaching a deal with creditors is key as the country looks to also renegotiate the repayment of a $44-billion bailout loan it has received from the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Former president Mauricio Macri had negotiated a $57-billion loan from the IMF, but Fernandez suspended the remaining $13 billion in disbursements when he took office in December.

"This agreement should help to bolster investor, business, and possibly consumer confidence in Argentina in the near term," said Sanghani.

"Moreover, the deal is likely to pave the way for a renewed agreement between the IMF and Argentina's government."

As well as its commitments to international creditors, Argentina must resolve the situation surrounding a $41.7-billion debt issued under national legislation whose payments have been deferred until December 2021.

Fernandez's government has offered similar conditions to those agreed with the international bondholders.

In recession since 2018, the Argentine economy – the 3rd largest in Latin America – has been further punished by the coronavirus pandemic. The IMF estimates it will contract by 9.9% this year.

More than a third of the 44-million population live in poverty and annual inflation stands at over 50%. – Rappler.com