If implemented, Norway could see taxes levied for the first time on electric cars from luxury automakers such as Porsche, Jaguar, and Mercedes-Benz, as well as high-end Tesla and Audi models.
Seeking to become the first nation to end the sale of gasoline and diesel cars by 2025, oil-producing Norway currently exempts all fully electric vehicles from the taxes imposed on internal combustion engines.
As a result, 54% of all new cars sold in Norway last year were powered by batteries only, a global record, up from 42% in 2019 and a mere 1% a decade ago.
But the policy comes at a substantial cost, estimated by the ruling center-right coalition at 19.2 billion Norwegian crowns ($2.32 billion) in lost state revenue last year, or some 250,000 crowns on average for each new electric car sold.
The more expensive a car is, the bigger the sales tax and other levies foregone by the state, thus giving the biggest implied subsidies to high-income households while also raising the cost per ton of carbon emissions saved, the paper found.
"Norway could improve the targeting of its tax incentives to increase their environmental impact," the paper by three IMF economists concluded.
One such targeted change could be to offer subsidies to actually scrap petrol and diesel cars when replaced by EVs, the economists said, adding that Norway should also consider raising the taxes imposed on polluting cars.
The proposals could resonate well with Norway's center-left opposition, which is favored to win power in national elections due in September.
While supporting the goal of selling only EVs by 2025, Norway's Labour and other center-left parties all want to start imposing sales taxes on the portion of a car's cost that exceeds 600,000 crowns.
For comparison, the least expensive model of an electric Porsche costs 758,000 crowns, while the top model starts at 1.7 million crowns, according to the automaker's website. – Rappler.com
$1 = 8.2823 Norwegian crowns