"We are moving quickly to deliver cash to all people," Abe said in a televised news conference to explain his decision to expand a state of emergency nationwide.
An initial plan to provide 3 times that amount to households, which have seen incomes slashed because of the coronavirus, was ditched and Abe apologized for the confusion.
Japan has seen relatively few cases and deaths compared to hotspots in Europe and the United States, but a recent spike in Tokyo – which logged a daily record 201 new cases on Friday – has sparked concern.
He said this decision was taken in a bid to restrict domestic travel during the Golden Week holidays in late April and early May, when many Japanese leave cities to visit family elsewhere.
The state of emergency hands regional governors the power to demand people stay indoors, but stops far short of restrictions seen elsewhere as there is no punishment for transgression.
Abe said authorities would reassess the situation on May 6 at the end of the public holiday, saying, "If we can all refrain from going out, we can drastically reduce the number of patients in two weeks."
"The future depends on our behavior," said the prime minister, saying his goal for everyone to reduce social contact by at least 70% was not yet being achieved.
The Japanese economy was heading for recession even before the coronavirus crisis, contracting by 1.8% in the final quarter of last year.
Since then, tourism has dropped by as much as 90%, industry and trade have ground to a halt, and the virus forced the postponement of the Tokyo 2020 Olympics that was seen providing a boost to the economy.
A delivery of two masks to each household also began on Friday, although the move has been greeted with much derision online. – Rappler.com