global economy

Japan business confidence improves again after virus plunge

Agence France-Presse

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Japan business confidence improves again after virus plunge

TOKYO TOWER. The Tokyo Tower is seen at night in the Japanese capital on December 14, 2020.

Photo by Charly Triballeau/AFP

The Bank of Japan's Tankan business survey shows a reading of -10 among big manufacturers in December 2020, after recording -27 in the previous survey

Confidence among major Japanese manufacturers has recovered further after plunging on pandemic woes to its worst level since the global financial crisis, a key survey showed Monday, December 14.

The Bank of Japan’s December Tankan business survey – a quarterly poll of about 10,000 companies – showed a reading of -10 among big manufacturers, after recording -27 in the previous survey and -34 in the June survey.

The latest figure compared with a market consensus estimate of -15.

The June figure was the lowest since June 2009 when worldwide financial shocks hammered the planet’s 3rd largest economy.

The short-term business sentiment survey reports the difference between the percentage of firms that are upbeat and those that see conditions as unfavorable.

A negative reading means more companies are pessimistic than optimistic. It is considered to be the broadest indicator of how Japan Inc is faring.

The latest reading comes after the government last week approved more than $700 billion in fresh stimulus to fund projects from anti-coronavirus measures to green tech, the country’s 3rd such package this financial year.

“The sharp rebound in the Q4 Tankan supports our view that Japan’s economy will rebound relatively swiftly from the dislocation caused by the pandemic,” said Tom Learmouth, economist at Capital Economics, in a commentary.

Japan officially exited recession last month after 3 quarters of contraction, but the world’s 3rd largest economy now faces a spike in COVID-19 infections, with record numbers of new cases reported in recent weeks.

The latest survey also comes ahead of the Bank of Japan (BoJ)’s two-day monetary policy meeting from Thursday, December 17, which is widely expected to keep the current monetary easing tools but also likely to extend its special measures in response to COVID-19.

“We think the BoJ will explain that the economy continues to need policy support, especially with higher uncertainty due to the arrival of a 3rd wave of infections,” UBS economists Masamichi Adachi and Go Kurihara said in a report.

Confidence among big non-manufacturers improved to -5 – against a market consensus of -6 – after logging -12 in September.

The latest figures show a steady recovery from the low of -17 in June, but are still well below the March figure of +8.

Japan was struggling with the effects of natural disasters and a hike in consumption tax even before the pandemic crippled the global economy.

Once it hit, there were no mandatory lockdowns in the country, with the government instead asking people to stay at home – a request that was largely heeded.

But that, coupled with a shuttering of the country’s borders, battered tourism and consumer spending, with the hospitality industry hit particularly hard. – Rappler.com

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