Don’t have time to exercise? Here’s a regime everyone can squeeze in

Incorporating more high intensity activity into our daily routines – whether that’s by vacuuming the carpet with vigor or walking uphill to buy your lunch – could be the key to helping all of us get some high quality exercise each day

NO EXCUSES. For those of us who are time-poor, high-intensity exercise can be incorporated into our daily routines. Shutterstock  

Have you recently carried heavy shopping bags up a few flights of stairs? Or run the last 100 meters to the station to catch your train? If you have, you may have unknowingly been doing a style of exercise called high-intensity incidental physical activity.

Our paper, published today in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, shows this type of regular, incidental activity that gets you huffing and puffing is likely to produce health benefits, even if you do it in 30-second bursts, spread over the day.

In fact, incorporating more high intensity activity into our daily routines – whether that’s by vacuuming the carpet with vigor or walking uphill to buy your lunch – could be the key to helping all of us get some high quality exercise each day. And that includes people who are overweight and unfit.


Read more: Health Check: high-intensity micro workouts vs traditional regimes


What is high intensity exercise?

Until recently, most health authorities prescribed activity lasting for at least ten continuous minutes, although there was no credible scientific evidence behind this.

This recommendation was recently refuted by the 2018 US Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Report. The new guidelines state any movement matters for health, no matter how long it lasts.

This appreciation for short episodes of physical activity aligns with the core principles of high intensity interval training (HIIT). HIIT in a hugely popular regime involving repeated short sessions, from 6 seconds to 4 minutes, with rests from 30 seconds to 4 minutes in-between.

Among a range of different regimes, we consistently see that any type of high intensity interval training, irrespective of the number of repetitions, boosts fitness rapidly and improves cardiovascular health and fitness.

That’s because when we regularly repeat even short bursts of strenuous exercise, we instruct our bodies to adapt (in other words, to get fitter) so we’re able to respond better to the physical demands of life (or the next time we exercise strenuously).


Read more: Yes, your kids can run all day – they’ve got muscles like endurance athletes


The same principle is at play with incidental physical activities. Even brief sessions of 20 seconds of stair-climbing (60 steps) repeated 3 times a day on 3 days per week over 6 weeks can lead to measurable improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness. This type of fitness indicates how well the lungs, heart, and circulatory systems are working, and the higher it is the lower the risk for future heart disease is.

In fact, research suggests physical activity intensity may be more important for the long-term health of middle-aged and older people than total duration.

Achievable for everyone

The main reasons people don’t do enough exercise tend to include the cost, lack of time, skills, and motivation.

Exercise regimes like high intensity interval training are safe and effective ways to boost fitness, but they’re often impractical. People with chronic conditions and most middle aged and older people, for example, will likely require supervision by a fitness professional. 

Aside from the practicalities, some people may find back-to-back bouts of very high exertion overwhelming and unpleasant.

But there are plenty of free and accessible ways to incorporate incidental physical activity into our routines, including:

  • replacing short car trips with fast walking, or cycling if it’s safe

  • walking up the stairs at a fast pace instead of using the lift

  • leaving the car at the edge of the shopping center car park and carrying the shopping for 100m

  • doing 3 or 4 “walking sprints” during longer stretches of walking by stepping up your pace for 100-200 meters (until you feel your heart rate is increasing and you find yourself out of breath to the point that you find it hard to speak)

  • vigorous walking at a pace of about 130-140 steps per minute

  • looking for opportunities to walk uphill

  • taking your dog to an off-leash area and jogging for 30 to 90 seconds alongside the pup.


Read more: 4 common myths about exercise and weight loss


This type of incidental activity can make it easier to achieve the recommended 30 minutes of physical activity a day. It can also help boost fitness and make strenuous activity feel easier – even for those of us who are the least fit.The Conversation – Rappler.com

Emmanuel Stamatakis is a Professor of Physical Activity, Lifestyle, and Population Health at the University of Sydney.

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.