All photos by Leanne Jazul
MANILA, Philippines - On June 24, 1571, Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, the first Spanish governor-general of the Philippines, proclaimed Manila as the capital city of the country.
The Manila then was confined within the walls of Intramuros. It was only in 1901 when the Americans declared that Manila was not Intramuros alone but also the Extramuros or "outside the walls" – Tondo, Binondo, Sta. Cruz, Sampaloc, San Miguel, Pandacan, Santa Ana, Paco, Malate and Ermita.
The original Intramuros was a place of power and grandeur. The seat of the colonial government and a center for faith and education, home to the Insulares and rich Peninsulares.
442 years later, the Indios can now trade, reside and celebrate inside the “Most Distinguished and Ever Loyal City.”
Intramuros is among the world's top 12 heritage sites on the verge of collapse.
Even a thousand-year-old fort can't keep the sun away from tourists' heads
Many walls in Intramuros are not well-maintained and are at the mercy of the elements
Guard uniforms are reminiscent of uniforms worn by Spanish period guardia civil
Though a far cry for Intramuros' glory days, the Intramuros today is still the home of hope and idealism
Calle Real, a major street in Intramuros, is the setting of more domestic pursuits
Roadside vendors go through the streets of Intramuros, sadly polluted by garbage
Vandalism is a problem in Intramuros
What history lies beneath the vandalism, posted bills and garbage?
The Intramuros today definitely doesn't lack attitude
Intramuros residents escape the afternoon heat the old-fashioned way
Many residents are yet to observe discipline in garbage disposal