Alvarez: No need for probe into rising drug suspect killings

Mara Cepeda
Alvarez: No need for probe into rising drug suspect killings

Manman Dejeto

Incoming House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez finds it futile for legislators to conduct an investigation because Congress does not have prosecutorial powers

MANILA, Philippines – Davao del Norte 1st District Representative Pantaleon “Bebot” Alvarez, expected to be the next House Speaker, does not believe there is a need for Congress to investigate the rising number of drug suspects killed in police operations. 

Tama naman ‘yung sinabi ni Sol Gen [Jose] Calida diyan. ‘Yung investigation must be in aid of legislation. Anong iniisip nila in aid of legislation para diyan?” Pantaleon told Rappler in a phone call on Tuesday, July 12. 

(What Solicitor General Jose Calida said about that is right. The investigation must be in aid of legislation. What will be in aid of legislation there?)

Because if ang iniisip nila is to make execution summaries illegal, illegal na talaga ‘yan. If ang purpose is to hold liable ‘yung mga nasa executive branch, that is the function of NBI (National Bureau of Investigation), DOJ (Department of Justice). So bakit makikialam ang Congress diyan?” he added.

(Because if they are thinking to make execution summaries illegal, it already is. If the purpose is to hold the members of the executive branch liable, that is the function of the NBI, DOJ. So why would Congress interfere?)

Ifugao Representative Teddy Brawner Baguilat Jr and Senator Leila de Lima earlier pushed for legislators to investigate “in aid of legislation” the recent spike of alleged drug users and pushers killed during encounters with the police.  

De Lima said there are tell-tale signs of summary killings in the incidents.

Baguilat also surmised that the killings may be due to police officers’ lack of equipment, training, ethics, and respect for the law and people, thus the need for proper legislation to guarantee support for the police force. 

But Solicitor General Calida said this congressional probe is uncalled for. He also said that De Lima is merely seeking media mileage. (READ: De Lima to SolGen: Why react that way if PNP is innocent?)  

President Rodrigo Duterte offered million-peso bounties for the capture or death of drug lords as part of his tough stance against crime and illegal drug use. He also endorsed citizens’ arrest and capture of those involved in the drug trade. 

Duterte’s party Partido Demokratiko Pilipinas-Lakas ng Bayan endorsed the speakership of Alvarez, who vowed to fulfill the President’s legislative agenda against criminality and illegal drugs.

He already co-authored bills that seek to reimpose the death penalty and lower the minimum age of criminal responsibility from 9 to 15 years old. (READ: An open letter to representatives Alvarez and Castro)

Alvarez said a congressional probe, at most, can only make recommendations since the legislative branch has no prosecutorial powers.

Ipapasa pa rin ‘yan sa DOJ, fiscal’s office to determine probable cause. So wala rin (We’ll still pass that to the DOJ or the fiscal’s office to determine probable cause. So there’s no point),” he said. 

Congress as ‘equalizer, fiscalizer’

On Tuesday, July 12, Baguilat expressed his disappointment in the Solicitor General in a series of tweets. 

“When he took oath as Sol Gen, Jose Calida said he will defend the rule of law. Di ba EJKs (extrajudicial killings) are an attack on rule of law?… He says he’s d equalizer to d fiscalizer. Congress is a co-equal branch of govt. We are the equalizers Mr Sol Gen,” he said. 

Akbayan Tom Villarin shared the same sentiments.

“It will do the Solicitor General good to remember that it is the legislature’s prerogative to call an inquiry into various policies and actions of the government, which affect the lives – or in this case, deaths – of our fellow Filipinos. To claim that such possible inquiries were designed to ‘derail’ the administration’s efforts would be premature, if not responsible,” he said in a statement. 

According to Villarin, the rising number of drug suspect killings may warrant inquiries on whether or not the police involved followed protocols, and if these protocols should be enhanced through legislation.

Still, Alvarez believes Congress would be better off focusing on other things.  

Maraming puwedeng pakialaman ang Congress para sa kabutihan ng mamamayan. Halimbawa na lang yung budget para sa 2017. Mag-ikot na sila sa distrito nila at ilista ‘yung kanilang proyekto na tututukan sa budget hearing para makapasok sa line budgeting natin,” said Alvarez. 

(There are many things Congress can interfere with for the good of the people. An example is the budget for 2017. They should go around their districts and list the projects they need to focus on during the budget hearings so they will be included in our line budgeting.)

He added that the representatives may also just focus on passing bills like the Freedom of Information Act and increasing the benefits of Social Security System beneficiaries. – 

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Mara Cepeda

Mara Cepeda specializes in stories about politics and local governance. She covers the Office of the Vice President, the Senate, and the Philippine opposition. She is a 2021 fellow of the Asia Journalism Fellowship and the Reham al-Farra Memorial Journalism Fellowship of the UN. Got tips? Email her at or tweet @maracepeda.