CA justice: Drug-related killings not genocide

Jee Y. Geronimo
CA justice: Drug-related killings not genocide
CA Justice Amy Lazaro-Javier says the killings are 'not yet' crimes that constitute genocide because they are 'not as widespread and as systematic'

MANILA, Philippines – Court of Appeals (CA) Associate Justice Amy Lazaro-Javier on Thursday, November 17, said the killings happening now in the country are not yet crimes against humanity and crimes constituting genocide.

During her public interview with the Judicial and Bar Council (JBC), Javier was asked by JBC Regular Member Angelina Sandoval-Gutierrez about “extrajudicial killings” in the country which she said have “become nationwide.”

“Can you consider these an attack against the civilian population?” Gutierrez asked. 

Before answering, Javier pointed out their exchange is just an academic discussion.

“I think there is a need to determine which killings are justified,” she answered, to which Gutierrez replied that “at this point, we cannot determine anymore” because the killings “have become widespread.”

“Is this not crime against humanity, at this stage, as you look at it?” she asked.

“No, your honor,” Javier said. She also said the killings are “not yet” crimes that constitute genocide because they are “not as widespread and as systematic.”

Gutierrez then asked Javier her definition of what is widespread.

“If we speak of genocide or widespread, systematic, direct attack, we’re not just speaking of thousands I think, we must be speaking of hundreds of thousands,” she explained. 

From July 1 till the 2nd week of November, the Duterte administration’s campaign against drugs has already seen at least 4,882 personalities killed both from legitimate police operations and vigilante-style or unexplained killings.

Asked when the International Criminal Court (ICC) acquires jurisdiction of the issue, Javier said there must first be “a clear showing that the Philippine government is unable or unwilling to make the investigation.”

“At present do you think the government is unable or unwilling?” Gutierrez asked. 

“It is not unable, it is not unwilling. I just would like to believe what General Bato [Philippine National Police chief Director General Ronald dela Rosa] has testified during the Senate hearing that all these unjustified killings, even those perpetrated by police officers, are under investigation by Napolcom [National Police Commission],” Javier answered.  

Asked if she knew any investigation involving the killings, Javier said she has no sufficient knowledge to conclude that the government is unwilling or unable to investigate. 


Based on her profile posted on the CA website, Javier graduated magna cum laude from the Philippine Normal University with a degree in education. 

She taught in public schools while pursuing her law studies at the University of Sto Tomas, where she graduated class valedictorian in 1982. She passed the bar that year. 

She joined the Office of the Solicitor General in 1983 as trial attorney, and later became Assistant Solicitor General in 1994. She has also been teaching political law, commercial law and civil law subjects at the UST Faculty Civil Law since 1983.

Javier was appointed to the CA in 2007.

The JBC interviewed applicants eyeing two slots in the SC on Wednesday and Thursday, November 16 and 17. The posts in contention will be vacated by Associate Justice Jose Perez and Associate Justice Arturo Brion, who will reach the mandatory retirement age of 70 on December 14 and 29, respectively.

A shortlist of candidates will be submitted by the JBC to President Rodrigo Duterte, who will appoint the new SC magistrates. Under his term, Duterte will get to appoint 10 SC magistrates to replace retiring justices in the next 3 years. –

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Jee Y. Geronimo

Jee is part of Rappler's Central Desk, handling most of the world, science, and environment stories on the site. She enjoys listening to podcasts and K-pop, watching Asian dramas, and running long distances. She hopes to visit Israel someday to retrace the steps of her Savior.