IN PHOTOS: Philippines marks Independence Day 2017
IN PHOTOS: Philippines marks Independence Day 2017
(UPDATED) From touching scenes in crisis-hit Marawi City to protests in Metro Manila, here is a look at how Filipinos celebrated the 119th anniversary of the declaration of the country's independence

MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – For the first time since the Marcos dictatorship, the Philippines is celebrating Independence Day with a portion of the country – Mindanao – under martial law.

President Rodrigo Duterte had declared martial law in Mindanao on May 23, after clashes erupted between government forces and terrorists in Marawi City, Lanao del Sur. On Monday, June 12, as the country celebrated its 119th Independence Day, the most emotional scenes were understandably in the crisis-hit city.

In flag-raising ceremonies in Marawi City, soldiers and civilians wept as the flag was being raised. It was the first time they had raised the flag since the clashes began.

Gunfire and the sound of explosions from air strikes can still be heard in the city, with the siege on its 21st day.

EMOTIONAL. Local government employees cry as Lanao del Sur Vice Governor Mamintal Adiong Jr (not seen) gives a speech after the flag-raising ceremony. Photo by Noel Celis/AFP

PANATANG MAKABAYAN. A soldier takes an oath during a flag-raising ceremony. Photo by Noel Celis/AFP

In Manila, Duterte skipped the flag-raising ceremony at the Rizal Park. Foreign Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano, who represented the President, said Duterte was not feeling well. The President, in his Independence Day message, earlier urged Filipinos to preserve Philippine sovereignty.

Vice President Leni Robredo led the ceremony instead. (READ: FULL TEXT: Robredo’s Independence Day 2017 message)

WITHOUT THE PRESIDENT. Vice President Leni Robredo (center) with Foreign Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano (left) and Armed Forces of the Philippines chief General Eduardo Año (right) at the Rizal Monument after the flag-raising ceremony. Photo by Lito Boras/Rappler

In various parts of the country, other government officials took the lead. (READ: Philippine Independence Day 2017 events)

IN KAWIT. Senator Panfilo Lacson leads the flag-raising ceremony in commemoration of the 119th Philippine Independence Day at the Aguinaldo Shrine. Photo from Lacson's Facebook page

CALOOCAN CITY. Mayor Oscar Malapitan (left) and Supreme Court Associate Justice Mariano del Castillo (center) lead the flag-raising ceremony at the Bonifacio Monument. Photo by Darren Langit/Rappler

For some groups, Independence Day is a time for activism. Leftist group Bayan trooped to the United States embassy in Manila, where they denounced what they described as US “intervention” in the Philippines’ affairs. There were some scuffles with riot police.

SCUFFLE. Activists clash with police near the United States embassy in Manila. Photo by Joseph Agcaoili/AFP

“Today, we remember that our national independence was brought about not by giving into fear but by holding onto the hope for a better tomorrow. That was how our heroes fought then. That is how we fight now,” said Akbayan Representative Tom Villarin, as his group held an Independence Day protest in Plaza Miranda, Manila.

FIGHT. Akbayan party calls on the Filipino people to remain steadfast in fighting for their rights during an Independence Day rally in Manila. Photo courtesy of Akbayan

Hundreds of students and members of various organizations showed up at an interfaith prayer rally at Andres Bonifacio Shrine in Manila. They appealed to the government to lift martial law in Mindanao, pursue peace talks, and reinforce human rights amid extrajudicial killings in the country.

Photo by Eloisa Lopez/Rappler

Among them was Medy Gonzales, 68, who wore a t-shirt bearing the words “I survived Martial Law, and once is enough.” Medy organized farmers and workers in Manila during the Marcos regime, and was arrested for it. 

She came with her 73-year old husband and long-time activist Pedro “Tata Pido” Gonzales, who was using a walking assistive device. He has been using it since 2004, after suspected military men shot him multiple times when he ran for a seat in the Quezon provincial board under the Anakpawis party.

Photo by Eloisa Lopez/Rappler

17-year old Judy Anne Santor came onstage with other families of victims of the drug war. Judy Anne’s mother, brother, and pregnant sister-in-law were killed along with 4 neighbors by riding-in-tandem suspects on December 28, 2016, in their home in Caloocan City.

“We are here trying to be strong even when we almost can’t anymore because we have to fight for justice,” Judy Anne said.

After the program in Andres Bonifacio Shrine, the rally continued in Mendiola Peace Arch where attendants participated in a “die-in” protest before a streamer that wrote, “stop the killings.” 

Photo by Eloisa Lopez/Rappler

In Zambales, artists’ group Dakila raised the flag in the West Philippine Sea (South China Sea), a “symbolic gesture” that had once been promised by the President himself.

DAYBREAK. Dakila proudly sings the Philippine national anthem along the shores of Zambales fronting the West Philippine Sea. Photo by Charlon Kim

Protesters in Makati City also called for an end to China’s aggressiveness in the disputed waters, demanding that it respect Philippine sovereignty.

CHINA OUT. Protesters holding placards and streamers shout anti-China slogans as they march in Makati City for a protest against China's presence in disputed waters. Photo by Ted Aljibe/AFP


– with a reports from Eloisa Lopez/