Alejano: Why let China do research in PH waters, Benham Rise?

Bea Cupin
Magdalo Representative Gary Alejano claims the Department of Foreign Affairs approved China's request to do scientific research in Benham Rise and other areas while rejecting a similar request from a French think tank

BENHAM RESEARCH. The Magdalo Representative questions the DFA's supposed decision to allow a Chinese academic group to conduct research on Philippine waters while rejecting a similar request of a France-based organization. File photo

MANILA, Philippines – “So, why China?”

Magdalo Representative Gary Alejano on Friday, January 12, blasted the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) for supposedly approving the request for Chinese nationals to conduct marine scientific research in Philippine waters, including Benham Rise.

At the same time, Alejano claimed, the DFA rejected a request from a France-based organization to hold its own research in the same general area. (FAST FACTS: What you should know about Benham Rise)

“We should be careful and prudent in granting any access to our waters especially with China who is known to claim 80% of our EEZ in South China Sea through its expansive 9-dash line,” the lawmaker and former Marine said in a statement to media. (READ: PH can’t say Benham Rise is theirs, China argues)

Citing “information,” Alejano said the research would be conducted by the Institute of Oceanology of Chinese Academy of Sciences (IO-CAS).

“As a requirement, they will be joined by the University of the Philippines – Marine Science Institute (UP-MSI),” he added. The research allegedly covers Eastern Luzon, including Benham Rise, and Eastern Mindanao. (READ: Lorenzana: China showed interest in PH’s Benham Rise)

The Chinese Academy of Science is partly funded by the People’s Republic of China. The University of the Philippines is the country’s state university. (READ: PH researchers explore Benham Rise)

“All things considered, allowing a Chinese national think tank to conduct a so-called scientific research over Philippine waters, even with participation of Filipinos, is careless and absurd. What is really the intention of the Duterte administration in allowing such activity at the expense of our national security?” Alejano asked.

The lawmaker had earlier revealed China’s supposed continued activities in disputed waters, despite the country’s recent cordial relations with the regional giant. He said the Philippines is better off picking Tara Expeditions Foundation, which is based in France, over China.

“Provided that we need additional resources and capabilities to study and explore our eastern waters, particularly the Benham Rise, the French-based non-profit organization is way preferable than a Chinese national scientific think tank. The Philippines has no territorial conflict with France, vis-à-vis China which has shown aggression and great interest on our territories,” he said.

China has territorial and maritime disputes with several countries, including the Philippines, over the South China Sea. China is claiming practically all of the South China Sea (or the West Philippine Sea) by virtue of its 9-dash line.

Alejano noted that since 2015, China has tried to secure a permit to conduct research in Benham rise. All these applications were rejected “because of denial of involvement of Filipino experts,” he said, citing the DFA.

“China has been adamant on exploring Benham Rise and they have no intention of involving Filipino scientists. It seems that China was only forced to collaborate with UP-MIS for the sake of getting the permit. Given this initial behavior, we should be worried on whether the Philippines will be given equal access to all information culled by the joint project,” said Alejano.

Benham Rise is a 13-million-hectare underwater plateau located near Aurora. It is larger than Luzon and was confirmed as part of the country’s continental shelf in 2012 by the United Nations Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (UNCLCS). (READ: Duterte shows alarming confusion over Benham Rise)

It is not part of the Philippine national territory but the country does have “sovereign rights” over Benham Rise, meaning it has the right to explore and exploit the oil, gas and other mineral resources in the area.

Back in March 2017, a Chinese vessel was spotted in Benham Rise. The Philippines expressed alarm over this. But even then, National Security Adviser Hermogenes Esperon Jr said the Philippines can benefit from the China’s research in Benham Rise.

The DFA, then headed by Undersecretary Enrique Manalo in an acting capacity, said Duterte did not allow Chinese vessels to visit the area, believed to be a rich source of natural gas and other resources.

The DFA is now headed by Alan Peter Cayetano, Duterte’s losing 2016 vice presidential bet.

Alejano is among Duterte’s chief critics. He filed an impeachment case against the President before the House of Representatives, but this was eventually rejected by the House committee on justice. – Rappler.com

Bea Cupin

Bea is a senior multimedia reporter who covers national politics. She's been a journalist since 2011 and has written about Congress, the national police, and the Liberal Party for Rappler.