Robredo camp to SC: Ignore Calida’s opinion on ballot shading threshold

Mara Cepeda
Robredo camp to SC: Ignore Calida’s opinion on ballot shading threshold
(UPDATED) Vice President Leni Robredo's lawyer Romulo Macalintal says Solicitor General Jose Calida's 'erroneous' support of the 50% shading threshold would 'erode the very foundation of our democracy' by disenfranchising voters

MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – The lead lawyer of Vice President Leni Robredo wants the Supreme Court (SC) to disregard Solicitor General Jose Calida’s opinion supporting the 50% shading threshold in the vice presidential electoral protest. 

Veteran election lawyer Romulo Macalintal filed the Robredo camp’s counter-manifestation on Calida’s manifestation before the SC, which is acting as the Presidential Electoral Tribunal (PET) in the election case that ex-senator Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr filed against the Vice President. 

Macalintal’s manifestation, dated July 13, was sent to reporters on Monday, July 16.  

He argued that Calida “has no personal knowledge” to conclude that the 50% shading threshold must be used, as no one from the Office of the Solicitor General (OSG) observed the ongoing revision, recount, and re-appreciation of ballots

“Thus, the OSG has no basis to once more make a reckless conclusion that the application of the 50% threshold percentage does not disenfranchise the voters,” said Macalintal.

The PET previously set the ballot shading threshold – the minimum amount of shading in a ballot oval for a vote to be considered valid – at 50%, which is supported by Marcos. This means ballot ovals that are only half-shaded will be considered valid. 

But Robredo is appealing to the PET to lower the ballot shading threshold to 25%, as she argued that this was the threshold set by the Commission on Elections (Comelec) during the 2016 polls. 

She and her lawyers believe that if the PET sticks with the 50% shading threshold, voters would be disenfranchised. (READ: Robredo: Marcos and I could both lose votes due to 50% shading threshold)

On July 4, Calida filed a manifestation before the PET to say that he supports the 50% shading threshold, favoring his ally Marcos and in effect dropping the poll body.

On July 10, the PET merely took “note” of Calida’s opinion. It also granted his request that the Comelec be given another 10 days to file its comment on its own.

Still, Macalintal said the OSG is “taking a dangerous position where the results of the elections will be changed by way of an election protest.”

“Simply put, OSG is now providing a venue for losing candidates to disregard the sovereign will of the electorate by applying different rules from those adopted and used during the elections by Comelec. This simply must not be done,” said Macalintal.

“This erroneous position taken by OSG will erode the very foundation of our democracy. The whims of one person cannot outweigh the overwhelming choice of the electorate,” he added.

The Makati Business Club (MBC) previously urged the PET to apply the 25% shading threshold in the recount.

“Inconsistent application of the rules will be a blow to the credibility of elections not only for the position of Vice President but for all other elected positions. Political stability and consistency in the laws, regulations and policies are the cornerstones that have produced the business confidence, job creation and strong growth of recent years,” said the MBC.

Read a full copy of the Robredo camp’s counter-manifestation below:

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Mara Cepeda

Mara Cepeda specializes in stories about politics and local governance. She covers the Office of the Vice President, the Senate, and the Philippine opposition. She is a 2021 fellow of the Asia Journalism Fellowship and the Reham al-Farra Memorial Journalism Fellowship of the UN. Got tips? Email her at or tweet @maracepeda.