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Carpio welcomes Russian oil exploration in West Philippine Sea

Sofia Tomacruz
Carpio welcomes Russian oil exploration in West Philippine Sea
Retiring Supreme Court Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio says Manila should be also spreading out service contracts for oil exploration in the West Philippine Sea to countries other than China

MANILA, Philippines – Retiring Supreme Court Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio welcomed the possibility of Russian participation to explore for oil and gas in Philippine waters being claimed by China.

Carpio disclosed this in a recent Rappler Talk interview with Rappler editor-at-large Marites Vitug, saying joint exploration in the West Philippine Sea should not be limited to China alone.

“Yes, I would welcome the participation of Rosneft…. because we should be spreading our service contracts. We should have one, or maybe several with China, some with the Western countries, including Russia,” Carpio told Rappler.

During his second state visit to Russia, President Rodrigo Duterte invited Russian oil giant Rosneft to conduct oil and gas exploration in various parts of the Philippines, including the West Philippine Sea. The maritime area continues to be claimed by Beijing through its 9-dash line, which has already been invalidated by the 2016 Hague ruling that uphled the Philippines’ rights in the West Philippine Sea.

Rosneft is a state-owned enterprise of Russia and is the biggest oil and gas exploration of the northern country. The company is currently helping Vietnam to explore for oil and gas in waters within Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone, which is also being claimed by China.

Beijing has opposed this and issued warnings against oil exploration activities as part of efforts to assert its claim to the area. Despite this, Russian firms have not abandoned the projects. (READ: Malaysia, Vietnam show PH can stand up to China)

Unlike China, Russia does not claim sovereign rights over waters in the South China Sea and its companies are willing to explore for natural resources as contractors of states with such rights.


Dealing with China: Duterte’s invitation to Rosneft comes as the Philippines is pursuing a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with China on joint oil and gas exploration in the West Philippine Sea.

The two governments have already formed committees tasked to draft contracts covering specific areas. State corporations from both countries have been designated as default implementors of such contracts.

Both Manila and Beijing are expected to meet and finalize proposed areas for exploration by November this year.

Carpio, a stauch defender of the West Philippine Sea, earlier said the Philippines is “safe” with the recent oil deal between Manila and Beijing as the Philippine government has included service contracts, which recognize that the area falls within Philippine sovereignty or sovereign rights. (READ: Carpio on West Philippine Sea: Every Filipino’s duty to defend PH territory)

The MOU also specifies oil and gas exploration would be done without prejudice to the legal positions of both the Philippines and China.

For these reasons, Carpio said the MOU, once finalized, may be the solution to the South China Sea dispute.

“If this can be done, this will be the template for the formula, for the peaceful solution of the South China Sea dispute because if we accept this, if it’s acceptable to us, and probably be acceptable for Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia,” Carpio said.

“Then we have found the formula to settle peacefully the maritime dispute at least. Not the territorial dispute, that will continue,” he added.

The West Philippine Sea reportedly contains rich reserves of oil and gas, including Recto Bank (Reed Bank). Exploration here is covered by Service Contract No 72, which had been awarded to Forum Energy PIc, a firm led by Filipino businessman Manuel Pangilinan’s Philex Petroleum Corporation.

According to previous reports, the firm was initially in talks with Chinese state-run firm CNOOC (China National Offshore Oil Corporation) on developing the area’s energy reserves. –

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Sofia Tomacruz

Sofia Tomacruz covers foreign affairs and is the lead reporter on the coronavirus pandemic. She also writes stories on the treatment of women and children. Follow her on Twitter via @sofiatomacruz. Email her at