MANILA, Philippines – The proposed 2015 national budget bill that Malacañang had submitted to Congress funds only a third of the annual P15 billion ($340 million*) that President Benigno Aquino III had committed under the revised Armed Forces modernization law.
The P10 billion ($226 million) shortfall was placed under “unprogrammed” funds, consisting of items totalling P123 billion ($2.78 billion). These items are not funded but identified in the budget as those to be implemented once the government finds additional revenues or if its projected revenue collection is higher than its estimate.
Budget Secretary Florencio Abad told Rappler the proposed law that seeks to redefine savings will be helpful in funding the shortfall. It will allow the continuation of schemes under the administration’s Disbursement Acceleration Program (DAP) that were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
“No guarantees but very likely P10 billion can get obligated by end-2014 as they have streamlined their processes. Assuming the proposed law on definition of savings is passed by end of 3rd quarter, enough savings will be available for its initial funding requirements,” Abad told Rappler in a text message.
Unprogrammed funds are under the budget category Special Purpose Funds (SPF) – tagged by critics as Malacañang’s pork barrel but defended by the government as necessary to give it the flexibility to respond to unforeseen expenses such as calamity response and other contingencies.
The SPF accounts for P501 billion ($11.3 billion) of the total P2.6 trillion ($58.8 billion) budget for 2015.
Republic Act 10349 or the Revised AFP Modernization Act signed in 2012 commits at least P75 billion ($1.69 billion) over 5 years for the military’s modernization. It is funding the acquisition of a squadron of fighter jets worth P18.9 billion ($428 million) and two frigates worth P18 billion ($408 million).
Having one of the weakest militaries in Asia, the Aquino administration has supported the aggressive modernization of the military in the wake of growing tension in the West Philippine Sea (South China Sea) due to territorial disputes among claimant countries. Previously focused on the Army and insurgencies, the military is shifting its attention to equipping the Navy and the Air Force to beef up its defense in the West Philippine Sea. (READ: State of PH Navy modernization: ‘Golden days will return’)
Many of these assets are also useful in humanitarian assistance and disaster response, another new challenge for the military due to the impact of climate change.
Aquino has allocated a total P40 billion (about $906 million) to military modernization since 2010. On top of the funding provided by RA 10349, the military has been a beneficiary of DAP and Malampaya funds. Both sources were halted by the High Court, however, resulting in the delay of some small ticket items.
Defense gets 3rd biggest budget
The modernization fund is separate from the regular annual operations budget of the Defense Department and, under it, the 125,000-strong Armed Forces of the Philippines. The total proposed budget for 2015 is almost P100 billion ($2.27 billion). (See table)
Territorial defense and climate change are new threats that the military has to deal with. Internally, it is responding to a number of threats including the communist insurgency, Muslim separatists in the southern Philippines, and groups like the Abu Sayyaf which has links to Al-Qaeda and the new Islamic State (IS).
The total defense budget reaches P115.5 billion ($2.6 billion) if you include the P15 billion funding required under RA.10349 and further balloons to P144 billion ($3.4 billion if you include the Miscellaneous and Personal Benefits Fund (MPBF) and the (GPF) and the Pension and Gratuity Fund (PGF). (See tables below)
Among government departments, defense has the 3rd biggest share of the pie, following education and public works and highways.
The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) is 5th in terms of department share because the other social services items were separately funded. Social services get the biggest chunk of the budget – almost P1 trillion ($22.6 billion) or nearly 40%.
The AFP headquarters get a big boost from P11 billion ($249 million) in 2014 to P26 billion ($589 million) in 2015.
The table shows a bloated actual budget for 2013 – the year that the military responded to back-to-back major disasters including the Zamboanga crisis, the earthquakes in Bohol and Cebu, and typhoon Yolanda (international name: Haiyan).
In 2015, the Office of Civil Defense (OCD) also gets a boost from P700 million ($15.8 million) in 2014 to P1 billion ($22.6 million).
Among the major services, the Army gets the biggest share as it accounts for about 90,000 of the total 125,000 troops. The Navy has about 20,000 while the Air Force has about 17,000. – Rappler.com
(*$1 = P44.12)
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