MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – Thousands of higher education institutions (HEIs) in the Philippines are expecting low freshman enrollment in 2016, once the government rolls out the senior high school program nationwide.
Before the country’s transition to a 12-year basic education, the practice of most colleges and universities has always been to begin their college admission process with an entrance examination, usually conducted during the student’s 4th year in high school.
But in 2016, millions of students will proceed to grade 11 instead of graduating from high school and going to college.
If so, which kinds of students can be offered college admission for school year 2016-2017?
In a memorandum dated July 13, Commission on Higher Education (CHED) Chairperson Patricia Licuanan said HEIs are permitted to accept freshman and sophomore students during school years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 from the following graduates:
1. Graduates from early implementors of senior high school.
At least 57 public schools and 334 private schools were permitted by the education department to pilot senior high school ahead of the 2016 nationwide implementation. Some of these schools will already have senior high school graduates by 2016.
But since CHED’s new general education curriculum will only take effect in 2018, the commission urged HEIs to consider an “advanced placement/assessment system” that will credit courses taken up in senior high school “to avoid duplication” in college.
See a list of the early implementors in a copy of the CHED memorandum below:
2. Graduates under the 10-year pre-college cycle before K to 12.
CHED recently passed an en banc resolution allowing graduates from the previous 10-year pre-university cycle who failed to complete their undergraduate degrees to enroll in school years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 as a “last chance to go to college.”
This refers to all high school graduates from the old basic education program – the last of which was Batch 2015.
“The Commission is currently undertaking a study to assess the profile of this group of students, including the disciplines or fields of study that may be of interest to these cohorts, both at the regional and provincial levels, and determine if these can be matched by the supply from the HEI side,” Licuanan said in the memorandum.
Senior high school will also be open to these graduates, Education Secretary Armin Luistro earlier said.
But considering the “challenges related to economic efficiency and capacity of our institutions,” colleges and universities have the discretion whether they will open their admission to the said cohorts. The schools also get to decide which programs to offer.
HEIs and their teaching and non-teaching staff are all worried about the drop in college enrollment by 2016.
To mitigate this problem, the government is already eyeing the inclusion of a P9.05-billion transition fund to the 2016 budget of both CHED and the Department of Labor and Employment. – Rappler.com