MANILA, Philippines – Foreign Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano said the Philippines' withdrawal from the International Criminal Court (ICC) is "a principled stand" as nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and politicians supposedly use human rights for political ends.
"The political NGOs and the politicians have taken over human rights," Cayetano said in a live interview with GMA News anchor Jessica Soho on Wednesday evening, March 14.
"Now it's being used in politics. But this is a principled stand," he added in a mix of English and Filipino.
President Rodrigo Duterte announced earlier on Wednesday that the Philippines will withdraw from the ICC "effective immediately." (FULL TEXT: Duterte's statement on Int'l Criminal Court withdrawal)
In his interview with GMA News, Cayetano explained that withdrawing from the ICC is "not a way of evading" an ICC probe into Duterte's anti-drug campaign.
Cayetano said that even if the Philippines withdraws from the ICC, the court still has jurisdiction over the things the Philippines did when it was a member. (READ: What the Rome Statute says about withdrawing from the Int'l Criminal Court)
He pointed out, too, that withdrawing from the ICC "has been in informal discussions ever since," even when he was still a senator during Duterte's term. (READ: IBP: Scrutinize Duterte decision to withdraw from Int'l Criminal Court first)
The Philippines' top diplomat recalled that during the time of then president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, the military did not want the Philippines to ratify the Rome Statute of the ICC. This was because the Philippines has an "internal conflict" that might "compromise" cops and soldiers. (READ: CHR: Withdrawal from Int'l Criminal Court can be seen as 'encouraging impunity')
The Philippines ratified the Rome Statute during the time of then president Benigno Aquino III. One of those who pushed for this ratification was human rights lawyer Harry Roque, now Duterte's spokesman.
"Now the President sees that there is internal conflict, like what happened in Marawi, et cetera. And that's the same reason that the US, China, Russia did not sign or did not ratify it. The US signed but did not ratify it," Cayetano said.
Read an excerpt from Cayetano's interview below:
"The political NGOs and the politicians have taken over human rights eh. So ang problema hindi na katulad dati na prinsipyo talaga sa human rights. Sa ngayon ginagamit sa politika. But this is a principled stand. Ayaw nating maging hipokrito, na ang malalaking bansa hindi sumali dito. But to prove that it's not a way of evading or getting away from the consequences or the jurisdiction ng ICC or nangyari na, even if mag-withdraw tayo, covered pa rin 'yung actions natin when we were a member. So sa mga nagsasabi, ayaw lang ni Presidente maging liable dito, he's not doing it for himself, kasi we still have obligations during that time. It's really for the soldiers, the police, and to make a stand sa ating mundo na you know, huwag 'nyong ipolitika ang human rights."
Duterte made this declaration more than a month after the ICC opened its "preliminary examination" of the alleged extrajudicial killings in his war on drugs. The President vowed the ICC cannot have jurisdiction over him, "not in a million years." (READ: Can Senate stop PH's withdrawal from ICC? Pacquiao blocked the resolution) – Rappler.com
Paterno R. Esmaquel II, news editor of Rappler, specializes in covering religion and foreign affairs. He obtained his MA Journalism degree from Ateneo and later finished MSc Asian Studies (Religions in Plural Societies) at RSIS, Singapore. For story ideas or feedback, email him at firstname.lastname@example.org.