indigenous peoples

Indigenous people need help to be smarter, claims party-list group

Jodesz Gavilan
Indigenous people need help to be smarter, claims party-list group

AKO IP. AKO IP Chairperson Gil Valera seeks to join the party-list race.

Rappler screenshot

(1st UPDATE) 'Kailangan matulungan natin para iyong kamangmangan nila maging matalino na sila,' AKO IP chairperson Gil Valera says

A chairperson of an aspiring party-list group is under fire after claiming that indigenous peoples (IP) need help to be smarter and to improve their illiteracy.

The comment comes as the Philippines marks October as the National Indigenous People’s Month.

Indigenous people need help to be smarter, claims party-list group

Lawyer Gil Valera of Ang Koalisyon ng Indigenous People (AKO IP) said they planned to push for the establishment of a university solely for members of IP communities, regardless of their high school grades.

Kailangan matulungan natin para iyong kamangmangan nila ay maging matalino na sila,” he said after filing the groups’ certificates of nomination and acceptance (CONA) on Monday, October 4.

“Magmumungkahi po kami na magkaroon ng batas na unibersidad ng katutubong Pilipino,” Valera added.

(We need to help them with their illiteracy so they can be smart, that’s why we’re suggesting to have a law that will set up a university for indigenous peoples.)

Valera said he wanted to help IP communities long-marginalized and ignored. He said he can retire if his dreams for them are realized.

Kaya hanggang ngayon mahirap sila dahil wala silang sapat na edukasyon,” he said, adding that he knows what the IP community needs, citing his decades-long experience of teaching in two universities.

According to AKO IP’s website, Valera is a licensed customs broker who was born in Bangued, Abra.

Katribu Kalipunan ng Katutubong Mamamayan ng Pilipinas, an national alliance of indigenous peoples’ organizations, said that AKO IP’s run is an another attempt to “misrepresent” communities in Congress.

The party-list group’s plan to establish an IP university is “useless… without the foundation akin to Lumad schools.”

“IP education must be based on the right to land where knowledge and culture emanate and it should also be done in the spirit and principle of self-determination, an inherent right of every indigenous group,” KATRIBU told Rappler.

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Not illiterate

There are 17,385,697 indigenous peoples in the Philippines as of 2020, according to data from the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP).

The population is protected by Republic Act No. 8371 or the Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act (IPRA). However, IP communities continue to face threats and harassment.

Many faced displacement over the years due to development projects on their ancestral lands. (READ: Displaced Bukidnon folk urge gov’t to act on their land claim)

Youth group Kabataan para sa Tribung Pilipino on Twitter belied Valera’s claims that indigenous peoples are illiterate. Even if faced with challenges, IP communities are able to fight for their causes.

While it is true that poverty is a huge problem in communities, these are often rooted in the exploitation of their resources. Local efforts, such as Lumad schools, are met with threats from state agents.

May kakayahan ang mga katutubo na palayain ang kanilang mga sarili sa tali ng opresyon at karahasan ng estado at mga dambuhalang korporasyon,” the group said.

(Indigenous peoples have the power to free themselves from oppression and violence of the state and corporations.) –

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Jodesz Gavilan

Jodesz Gavilan is a writer and researcher for Rappler and its investigative arm, Newsbreak. She covers human rights and also hosts the weekly podcast Newsbreak: Beyond the Stories. She joined Rappler in 2014 after obtaining her journalism degree from the University of the Philippines.