governance

Powers and Duties: City Mayor, Vice Mayor, Councilor in the Philippines

Rappler
Powers and Duties: City Mayor, Vice Mayor, Councilor in the Philippines
What powers do you give, what responsibilities and services should you expect when you elect a city mayor, vice mayor, and councilor?

City Mayor

Term of Office
  • 3 years starting noon of June 30 following election day
  • Can be elected to a maximum of 3 consecutive terms 
Qualifications
  • Citizen of the Philippines
  • Registered voter in the city where he/she intends to be elected
  • Resident of the city where he/she intends to be elected for at least 1 year before the day of election
  • Able to write in Filipino or any other local language or dialect
  • At least 21 years old on election day
Powers and Responsibilities
  • Supervise all programs, projects, services, and activities of the city government
  • Enforce all laws and ordinances in relation to the governance of the city
  • Implement all policies, programs, projects, services, and activities of the city
  • Initiate and maximize the generation of resources and revenues and use these for implementing plans
  • Ensure that the city has basic services and adequate facilities

Source: Local Government Code of 1991

City Vice Mayor

Term of Office
  • 3 years starting noon of June 30 following election day
  • Can be elected to a maximum of 3 consecutive terms 
Qualifications
  • Citizen of the Philippines
  • Registered voter in the city where he/she intends to be elected
  • Resident of the city where he/she intends to be elected for at least 1 year before the day of election
  • Able to write in Filipino or any other local language or dialect
  • At least 21 years old on election day
Powers and Responsibilities
  • Preside over the sangguniang panlungsod (city council)
  • Sign all warrants for the expenditures of the city council
  • Appoint officials and employees of the city council
  • Assume the office of the city mayor in the event of a permanent vacancy
  • Exercise the powers and perform the duties and functions of the city mayor in cases of temporary vacancy

Source: Local Government Code of 1991

Sangguniang Panlunsod (City Council) Member

Term of office

  • 3 years starting noon of June 30 following election day
  • Can be elected to a maximum of 3 consecutive terms 
Qualifications
  • Citizen of the Philippines
  • Registered voter in the city where he/she intends to be elected
  • Resident of the city where he/she intends to be elected for at least 1 year before the day of the election
  • Able to write in Filipino or any other local language or dialect
  • At least 18 years of age on election day. Candidates of highly urbanized cities need to be at least 21 years old on election day.
Composition of the City Council
  • City vice-mayor, who serves as the presiding officer
  • Regular elected members
  • President of the city’s Liga ng mga Barangay
  • President of the city’s Sangguniang Kabataan Federation
  • 3 sectoral representatives: 1 from the women, 1 from agricultural or industrial workers, and 1 from other sectors like the urban poor, indigenous communities, or disabled persons.
Powers and Responsibilities
  • Approve ordinances and pass resolutions for an effective city government
  • Generate resources and revenues for the city’s development plans, program objectives, and priorities 
  • Enact ordinances that grant franchises and authorize the issuance of permits or licenses
  • Regulate activities in relation to the use of land, buildings, and structures
  • Approve ordinances for the delivery of basic services and facilities 

Source: Local Government Code of 1991

Research by Vernise Tantuco/Rappler.com

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