governance

Powers and Duties: Municipal Mayor, Vice Mayor, Councilor in the Philippines

Rappler.com
Powers and Duties: Municipal Mayor, Vice Mayor, Councilor in the Philippines
What powers do you give, what responsibilities and services should you expect when you elect a municipal mayor, vice mayor, and councilor?

Municipal Mayor

Term of Office
  • 3 years starting noon of June 30 following election day
  • Can be elected to a maximum of 3 consecutive terms 
Qualifications
  • Filipino citizen
  • At least 21 years old on election day
  • Registered voter in the municipality where he/she intends to be elected
  • Resident of the municipality where he/she intends to be elected for at least 1 year before election day
  • Able to read and write in Filipino or any other local language or dialect
Duties and Responsibilities
  • Supervise all programs, projects, services, and activities of the municipal government
  • Enforce all laws and ordinances relative to the governance of the municipality and the exercise of its corporate powers
  • Initiate and maximize resource and revenue generation
  • Ensure the delivery of basic services and the provision of adequate facilities

Source: Local Government Code of 1991

Municipal Vice Mayor

Term of Office
  • 3 years starting noon of June 30 following election day
  • Can be elected to a maximum of 3 consecutive terms 
Qualifications
  • Filipino citizen
  • At least 21 years old on election day
  • Registered voter in the municipality where he/she intends to be elected
  • Resident of the municipality where he/she intends to be elected for at least 1 year before election day
  • Able to read and write in Filipino or any other local language or dialect
Powers and Responsibilities
  • Preside over the sangguniang bayan (municipal council) and sign warrants for expenditures appropriated for its operation
  • Appoint officials and employees of the sangguniang bayan, with exceptions provided in the Local Government Code
  • Assume the municipal mayor’s office in the event of permanent vacancy
  • Exercise the powers and perform the duties and functions of the municipal mayor in cases of temporary vacancy

Source: Local Government Code of 1991

Sangguniang Bayan (Municipal Council) Member

Term of Office
  • 3 years starting noon of June 30 following election day
  • Can be elected to a maximum of 3 consecutive terms 
Qualifications
  • Filipino citizen
  • At least 18 years old on election day
  • Registered voter in the district where he/she intends to be elected
  • Resident of the district where he/she intends to be elected for at least 1 year before election day
  • Able to read and write in Filipino or any other local language or dialect
Composition of the Municipal Council
  • Municipal vice mayor, who serves as presiding officer
  • Regular council members
  • President of the municipal chapter of the Liga ng mga Barangay
  • President of the pambayang pederasyon ng mga Sangguniang Kabataan
  • 3 sectoral representatives: 1 from among women, 1 from agricultural or industrial workers, and 1 from any of the following: urban poor, indigenous peoples, persons with disabilities

Powers and responsibilities

  • Approve ordinances and pass resolutions for an efficient and effective municipal government
  • Generate and maximize resources and revenues for the municipality’s development plans, program objectives, and priorities
  • Grant franchises, enact ordinances authorizing the issuance of permits or licenses, enact ordinances levying taxes, fees, and charges
  • Regulate activities related to the use of land, buildings, and structures within the municipality
  • Approve ordinances ensuring the efficient and effective delivery of basic services and facilities

Source: Local Government Code of 1991

Research by Loreben Tuquero/Rappler.com

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