MANILA, Philippines – For credible, organized, and fair elections on May 9, poll watchdogs have toured the country months ahead to monitor and help the public understand the entire election process. (READ: Poll watchdogs band together for the 2016 elections)
With only less than a week left before the elections, how are poll watchdogs preparing?
Rappler talked to various organizations involved in monitoring the country's polls.
Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting (PPCRV)
PPCRV is preparing for the elections by conducting voters' education for its more than 700,000 volunteers all over the country.
In partnership with AMA University, the PPCRV has organized weekly "satellite classes" that inform volunteers about various aspects of the automated elections.
"The more people know how to poll watch, the more people know how to vote. It's gonna be easier for all of us," said Ana Singson, national communications and media director of PPCRV.
The Comelec server that will receive the transmitted data from all vote-counting machines (VCMs) nationwide will also be placed at the PPCRV command center in Manila, which was launched on May 3.
Singson said they have started mobilizing volunteers to welcome the VCMs that will arrive within the week. These machines are the ones that read the ballots. (READ: How does the PH automated election system work?)
"They will be escorting the machines and the ballots to make sure that they are closed until the final testing," Singson said.
While the Commission on Elections (Comelec) is the only source for the official parallel vote count, the PPCRV is mandated by the agency to conduct the "unofficial" one.
National Movement for Free Elections (Namfrel)
Learning from previous elections, Namfrel identified 6 areas to focus on:
Compared to manual elections, the automated elections would be more difficult to monitor, according to Alvia.
"Unlike in the manual setup, you just have access to the election returns, watch the ballot box – if it's properly done and recorded. With this [automated elections], you have to look at a lot of things. There are a lot of vulnerabilities. If you're unable to observe, it [process] will be exploited," Alvia said.
Legal Network for Truthful Elections (Lente)
Lente has been conducting voters' education for indigenous peoples (IPs) all over the country.
On election day, Lente will be going around polling precincts to keep an eye on the process.
"We'll monitor the daily IP voting and select voting places that are identified for possible problems [on May 9], or those special polling places that we want to monitor because of circumstances like what happened from previous elections," Lente's Ona Caritos said.
Lente will also be providing legal assistance to civil society organizations like Namfrel, in terms of what should be done when there are incident reports or complaints.
Simbahang Lingkod ng Bayan (SLB)
SLB, the secretariat of Task Force 2016, has been focusing on election talks and voters' education as well.
"We've been giving national situationers. What's happening in the country right now? Some of the gains of the administration, some of the things that need to be improved. Usually we talk about that and we use that as a jumping point for discernment on who to vote for," SLB program officer Karlo Abinales said.
Call for volunteers
Poll watchdogs encourage the public to volunteer for the elections.
Those who want to volunteer for PPCRV can do the following:
Those who want to volunteer for Namfrel can do the following:
Depending on their skills, volunteers can help out with any of the 6 projects in their localities or join the Namfrel staff in their operations center at La Salle Green Hills.
Those who are interested to be Lente volunteers can do the following:
"If they volunteer now, they can be mobilized in giving voters' education, they do that before election. On election day, they will be monitoring the processes in their respective polling places," Caritos explained.
"What we do is, the volunteer monitors the area where he/she is based. He/she will be the one to give updates on what is happening – if there are incidents of violence or [election] violations," she added.