governance

Powers and Duties: Provincial Governor, Vice Governor, Board Member in the Philippines

Rappler.com
Powers and Duties: Provincial Governor, Vice Governor, Board Member in the Philippines
What powers do you give, what responsibilities and services should you expect when you elect a provincial governor, vice governor, and board member?

Governor

Term of Office
  • 3 years starting noon of June 30 following election day
  • Can be elected to a maximum of 3 consecutive terms
Qualifications
  • Filipino citizen
  • At least 21 years old on election day
  • Registered voter of the province where he/she intends to be elected
  • Resident of the province where he/she intends to be elected at least 1 year before election day
  • Able to read and write in Filipino or any other local language
Powers and Responsibilities
  • Supervise the implementation of programs and projects carried out by the provincial government.
  • Oversee the enforcement of laws and ordinances that affect the province
  • Initiate and maximize revenue generation for the province
  • Initiate and maximize the use of resources in the implementation of programs and projects for the benefit of his/her constituents
  • Ensure the delivery of basic services and the provision of adequate facilities for constituents
  • Oversee the implementation of the provincial development plan

Sources: Local Government Code of 1991; Task and Responsibilities Checklist issued by the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG)

Vice Governor

Term of Office
  • 3 years starting noon of June 30 following election day
  • Can be elected to a maximum of 3 consecutive terms
Qualifications
  • Filipino citizen
  • At least 21 years old on election day
  • Registered voter of the province where he/she intends to be elected
  • Resident of the province where he/she intends to be elected at least 1 year before election day
  • Able to read and write in Filipino or any other local language
Powers and Responsibilities
  • Serve as presiding officer of the sangguniang panlalawigan (provincial board) 
  • Appoint all officials and employees of the sangguniang panlalawigan aside from those appointment is prescribed in the Local Government Code of 1991
  • Take over as governor for the remaining years in a term in the event of permanent vacancy, therefore exercising all powers and functions of the provincial chief executive

Sources: Local Government Code of 1991; Task and Responsibilities Checklist issued by the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG)

Sangguniang Panlalawigan (Provincial Board) Member
Term of Office
  • 3 years starting noon of June 30 following election day
  • Can be elected to a maximum of 3 consecutive terms
Qualifications
  • Filipino citizen
  • At least 21 years old on election day
  • Registered voter of the province where he/she intends to be elected
  • A resident of the province where he/she intends to be elected at least 1 year before election day
  • Able to read and write in Filipino or any other local language
Composition of the Provincial Board
  • Vice governor, who serves as presiding officer
  • Elected regular members
  • President of the provincial chapter of Liga ng mga Barangay sa Pilipinas
  • President of the provincial chapter of the Sangguniang Kabataan Federation
  • President of the provincial chapter of federation of municipal and component city councils
  • 3 sectoral representatives: 1 from among women, 1 from agricultural or industrial workers, and 1 from any of the following: urban poor, indigenous peoples, persons with disabilities
Powers and Responsibilities
  • Enacting ordinances and resolutions to appropriate funds for the programs and projects of the province 
  • Enact annual and supplemental appropriations of the provincial government
  • Approve and pass ordinances and resolutions necessary for the function of the provincial government
  • Grant franchises and approve permits and licenses

Sources: Local Government Code of 1991; Task and Responsibilities Checklist issued by the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG)

Research by Jodesz Gavilan/Rappler.com

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