Philippine agriculture

‘Recall Sugar Order 3’: Farmers, labor warn of massive losses

Inday Espina-Varona
‘Recall Sugar Order 3’: Farmers, labor warn of massive losses

CRISIS. A sugar farm workers in Negros Occidental, where hundreds of thousands of sugar workers face possible displacement if sugar producers fold due to sugar imports.

Ronnie Baldonado

Roberto Cuenca, head of the country’s biggest independent sugar group, says the SRA import delivers a huge blow to small producers

BACOLOD CITY – Sugar producers on Monday, February 14, demanded a recall of Sugar Regulatory Administration’s (SRA) Sugar Order No. 3 due to its effect: the sudden 10% drop in sugar mill prices.

The SRA released SO3 on February 4, allowing the importation of 200,000 metric tons of standard and bottler’s grade refined sugar. SRA Administrator Hermenigildo Serafica cited “the shortfall on the ending balance of refined sugar and the need to stabilize prices.”

Two days later, week-end sugar bidding closed with all mills and sugar groups losing a minimum of P99.12 in the price of a 50-kilo bag. 

At the Victorias Milling Company, the country’s largest sugar mill and refinery, the price of sugar dropped by as much as P230/LKG, according to a matrix by the Associacion de Agricultores de la Carlota y Pontevedra Inc. (AALCPI), the biggest independent sugar group in the country.

Former SRA board member Dino Yulo slammed the SRA’s “ill-timed announcement “ for the drop in sugar prices.

“SRA released SO3 knowing that we are in the peak of the milling season and this led to the drop of prices,” said Roberto Cuenca, head of the AALCPI, the country’s largest sugar federation with over 10,000 mostly small planter-members.

Sugar prices were “artificially driven down by the announcement of SO3,” Cuenca stressed.

These were the prices of raw sugar in different mills and associations in Negros Occidental, the country’s sugar bowl, at end of January: P2,110/Lkg in VMC; P1,981 for APSSI Hawaian and AHSSI Hawaian; P1,973 for First Farmers; P1,920 at Lopez Sugar Central; P1,898 for AALCPI-URC La Carlota; P1,885 for BIPA-Biscom and P1,865 for SONEDCO (Kabilog).

By February 6, after the announcement of SO3, sugar prices dropped at VMC to P1,880 or a difference of P230/Lkg. The price at the BIPA-Biscom went down by P150, ALCCPI-URC La Carlota by P145; Lopez Sugar Central by P140; SONEDCO (Kabilog)  by P130; AAHSI-Hawaian and First Farmers by P121 and in APSSI-Hawaian by P99.12.

The province’s sugarcane farms represent 53% of the 423,333 hectares utilized by the industry nationwide.

Negros Occidental accounts for more than half of the P90 billion the sugar industry contributes annually to the national economy.

LOSSES. A table of mill sugar prices released by the Associacion de Agricultores de la Carlota y Pontevedra Inc. (AALCPI).

Senate Majority Leader Juan Miguel “Migz” Zubiri in a press statement said that in the neighboring island of Iloilo, URC Passi’s sugar price dropped by P223 while millers in Bukidnon lost about P100/LKG.

Disaster, workers warn

Yulo warned that a price drop of 10% has a huge impact on the livelihood of small sugar farmers that comprise more than 80% of sugar producers.

“These small farmers are barely surviving due to the high cost of farm inputs, particularly fertilizers and fuel that has been increasing steadily each week and will now suffer more because of this drop in sugar prices,” he said.

The SRA’s 2020 roadmap notes that 26,188 farmer-owners cultivate 212,627 hectares of sugarcane plantations in Negros Occidental.

The militant National Federation of Sugar Workers (NFSW) agreed with sugar planters that unrest could spike because of the Duterte government’s decision to import sugar instead of reducing the costs of rising farm inputs.

Sugar import liberalization will destroy the country’s sugar industry, NFSW secretary general John Milton “Butch” Lozande warned.

This  would result in the displacement of 700,000 sugar workers and the bankruptcy of small planters, many of whom are beneficiaries of agrarian reform and also continue to work as laborers.

The Philippines had already imported 350,000 MT in 2018 and then another 400,000 MT the following year, Lozande said.

The NFSW reminded sugar planters not to reduce the already low wages of sugar workers to cut costs.  The group said that In Negros Occidental where half of sugar workers can be found, the average wage of sugar workers is only from P80 – P130 a day, especially for the 95% of those paid via pakyaw or piece rate system.

Cuenca said they are hard-pressed to explain to their members the results of the sugar bidding last week, as the SRA has yet to respond to their members’ request for a price freeze on farm inputs.

“This made the situation worse because since last year, we have appealed to the SRA, the Department of Agriculture (DA) and the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) yet there has been no action. Instead, we have this (import order),” Cuenca added.

“The volume of importation is too big and comes at the wrong time,” Cuenca said, noting that most producers had asked for only small import tranches after the close of milling season.

Serafica in a statement on February 8 defended his agency’s move, saying that aside from stabilizing consumer prices by covering supply shortfall, it would also “leave the country with enough buffer stock to tide over until the start of the next milling season.” –

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