MANILA, Philippines – The House of Representatives on Tuesday, August 28, passed on second reading a measure that seeks to grant a 100-day paid maternity leave to both government and private sector workers.
Under House Bill (HB) No. 4113 or the 100-Day Maternity Leave Law, employees have an option to extend their maternity leave by another 30 days without pay.
Lawmakers gave their nod to the bill through viva voce voting or a vote of ayes and nays. Bagong Henerasyon Representative Bernadette Herrera Dy, chairperson of the women and gender equality committee, sponsored the bill at the plenary.
The Senate version of HB 4113, approved on 3rd and final reading in March 2017, seeks a longer paid maternity leave of 120 days. Unlike the House bill which does not increase fathers’ 7-day paid leave under Republic Act No. 7322, Senate Bill 1305 seeks a 30-day paid leave for fathers.
Should HB 4113 be approved on third reading, the bicameral conference committee members from both the House and the Senate must reconcile conflicting provisions of the bill before President Rodrigo Duterte can sign it into law. (READ: Duterte backs longer maternity leave)
What are the provisions of the bill? HB 4113 grants the 100-day paid maternity leave to a pregnant female worker regardless of her civil status, legitimacy of her child, and whether she gave birth via caesarian section or natural delivery.
The maternity leave would also be granted to female employees in every instance of pregnancy, miscarriage, or abortion, regardless of its frequency.
The maternity leave also cannot be deferred, but it should be availed of by the woman either before or after the actual period of “delivery in a continuous and uninterrupted manner.”
Section 13 of HB 4113 guarantees security of tenure of the mother who would avail of the maternity leave, and bars her company or government agency from demoting or firing her for taking her maternity leave.
What are the other benefits? Here are the other benefits a mother may enjoy under HB 4113: