MANILA, Philippines – Supreme Court Associate Justice Marvic Leonen said the challenge to a truly independent judiciary is corruption, and that there should be more scrutiny from the public, especially lawyers.
"The number of cases disciplining judges, court personnel and lawyers on several grounds indicates that corruption exists. We all know that it happens, yet we do not speak about it openly,” Leonen said at a judicial independence forum on Tuesday, July 17, at the University of the Philippines (U.P).
Leonen added: "Corruption weakens judicial independence far more than political interference."
Leonen said the efforts from the legal profession to fight corruption within the judiciary is wanting, saying there is a lack of a systematic effort to get rid of it.
Kapunan did not cite specific instances to back her allegations, which Leonen said makes her liable “because she acknowledges that she has heard and probably experienced acts of corruption and admits that she has done nothing to bring the perpetrators to the proper forum.”
“Corruption exists because of our convenient silence,” Leonen said.
Vetting justices, judges
Leonen challenged lawyers, and Filipinos alike, to be more probing of justices and judges.
“Vet every candidate to the Supreme Court, it is very important,” Leonen said.
Leonen said that one could start by analyzing the trend of one’s decisions, not based solely on the result, but based on their reasoning.
“Madaling mahuli (it is easy to catch) if the justice is being inconsistent, you look at, who are the parties here [in this case], why did this justice suddenly move from the left, suddenly became part of the right,” Leonen said.
Leonen was asked on his thoughts about the “alleged influence” on the Supreme Court of veteran litigator Estelito Mendoza, in the specific context of the Philippine Airline (PAL) retrenchment case, where the High Court flip-flopped and declared the retrenchment legal.
Two Supreme Court divisions had previously ruled against PAL and in favor of the retrenched employees, but letters from Mendoza to the High Court revived the case and resulted in an eventual win for the airline.
In his opinion, Leonen said: “The actions of the majority of this Court en banc..creates an ominous cloud that will besmirch our legitimacy.”