MARAWI CITY, Philippines – The siege of Marawi erupted in a safehouse in barangay Basak Malutlut in the middle of afternoon on May 23, 2017. Isnilon Hapilon, named the emir of the Islamic State (ISIS) in Southeast Asia, was the target of a military raid.
Hapilon and his men fired back and triggered clashes that would last for months. Later during the siege, recovered video showed that Hapilon and the homegrown Maute Group planned to attack the city during Ramadan.
Here are photos of structures that bore witness to the key battles during the siege.
Hostages were taken. Among them was a Catholic priest, Father Teresito "Chito" Soganub.
The priest was taken from the Marawi Bishop's residence, where he and church staff were preparing for the feast of Saint Mary, the patron saint of the church.
The terrorists used the priest to negotiate with the military and shot videos of him for their videos. They also desecrated the Saint Mary's Cathedral for their propaganda material.
The City Hall and the Provincial Capitol in Marawi were memorable structures during the siege, too.
Mayor Majul Gandamra and his men stayed at the City Hall during the first 4 days of the siege to repel the armed groups that sought to fly the ISIS black flag there.
The City Hall was too near the battle area that employees couldn't report to work because of stray bullets.
It was the Provincial Capitol, located near the brigade headquarters, that served as refuge for many residents and served as operations center for the necessary relief work during the siege.
Marawi Mayor Majul Gandamra and his men repelled the armed groups that wanted to take over City Hall
The armed groups occupied several mosques during the siege, knowing that the military would be forced to exercise some restraint.
The Islamic Center of the "Grand Mosque" was among the sites of key battles early in the war.
They later moved to Bato Ali Mosque near Lake Lanao, which proved to be a fortified stronghold for the armed groups.
This is where they hid hostages they used as human shields. A combination of military offensive and intelligence work led to the rescue of the Catholic priest.
The retrieval of Bato Ali mosque marked the beginning of the end of the war.
The advance towards the mosque itself bloody. The retrieval of the C&D Building, the tallest structure in the battle area, was key to the success of the operations.
This was where Captain Rommel Sandoval was killed when he tried to save one of his men during a clearing operation gone wrong.
Sandoval was posthumously awarded the coveted Medal of Valor.
The fighting pushed the armed groups towards Lake Lanao.
The deaths of Hapilon and Omar Maute signaled the beginning of the end. Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana declared the end of combat operations on October 23, 2017.