Photo by Pia Ranada/Rappler
MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – The National Food Authority Council (NFAC) will use government-to-private rice importation this year when it activates its standby authority to import 250,000 metric tons (MT) of rice.
"It has decided to shift from the old government-to-government scheme to an open tender scheme, otherwise known as government-to-private scheme or G2P," said Cabinet Secretary Leoncio Evasco Jr during a Tuesday, June 13, press conference in Malacañang.
Evasco serves as the chairman of the NFAC after President Rodrigo Duterte entrusted him with the NFA and 11 other government agencies.
The decision to shift to G2P for the importation of 250,000 MT of rice was reached during a June 9 special NFAC meeting.
G2P importation is when the government buys imported rice from private importers who use permits under the minimum access volume (MAV) scheme to import rice.
In the MAV scheme, the Philippines is required to import a minimum amount of rice – in this case, 250,000 MT – as part of its obligations to the World Trade Organization.
To protect the G2P system from corruption, Evasco said the NFAC also decided to introduce major changes in the way the scheme is implemented.
The following changes will be implemented for G2P importation:
Aquino on board
The safeguards were introduced to ensure transparency as the government shifts to G2P this year.
Evasco and the rest of the NFAC prefer G2P because this mode of importation can be scrutinized using the Government Procurement Act.
But NFA Administrator Jason Aquino had pushed for G2G, or the purchase of rice from foreign governments. Aquino believed the G2P could be easily abused by rice cartels.
Evasco's camp however, said that a new law, Republic Act 10845, introduced strict safeguards against unscrupulous private importers. This law declares agricultural smuggling economic sabotage.
Evasco called for Aquino's dismissal for insubordination and his push for G2G despite the NFAC's decisions against it.
The Cabinet Secretary and other NFAC members argued that G2G will only lead to more government debt since taking out a loan is required to pursue it. G2G is also exempted from the Government Procurement Act, making it less transparent and thus prone to abuse. (READ: Dismissed Usec Valdez to Duterte: Probe 'NFA syndicate')
But it seems Aquino is now going along with the NFAC decision to shift to G2P. He attended the June 9 meeting and has so far not raised any objections. As NFA administrator, he is tasked to implement the decisions made by the NFAC.
Amid the rift between Evasco and Aquino, the President fired Evasco's undersecretary Halmen Valdez who was pushing for G2P.
Duterte had insisted that Valdez was acting against the best interests of local farmers by pushing for rice importation. But Evasco said the need to import rice was explained to Duterte during a Cabinet meeting. – Rappler.com
Pia Ranada covers the Office of the President and Bangsamoro regional issues for Rappler. While helping out with desk duties, she also watches the environment sector and the local government of Quezon City. For tips or story suggestions, you can reach her at firstname.lastname@example.org.