PH, top U.S. officials hold talks on security, rule of law

MANILA, Philippines – As the Philippine government reviews its ties with the United States following tirades from President Rodrigo Duterte, top officials from the US State Department arrived in Manila for high-level talks with Philippine officials. 

They discussed issues pertaining to defense, economics, rule of law, and regional diplomacy on Monday, July 15.

The talks are part of the 8th Philippines-US Bilateral Strategic Dialogue (BSD) between Washington and Manila, scheduled to take place from Monday to Tuesday, July 16.

Annual dialogue: According to the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), the 8th BSD will focus on counter-terrorism, defense and security, economics, law enforcement, and criminal justice.

The BSDs take place yearly and are done to tackle the "full range" of political, security, and economic cooperation between the two countries.

The 8th BSD is the first one to be held in Manila since the start of the Duterte administration and comes against the backdrop of the Philippines' warming ties with China. The last time a BSD was held in Manila was in January 2015, under the administration of former president Benigno Aquino III. 

The talks come after Philippine Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana earlier called for a review of the 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty (MDT) between the long-allied countries. At the time, Lorenzana said he saw it fit to review the MDT because of its "vagueness." 

Lorenzana earlier said the fast-evolving security environment was "so vastly different and much more complex than the bipolar security construct of the era when the MDT was written." Thus, a review of the treaty was needed, he said, "to make it stronger." (READ: Despite new friends, Philippines sticks it out with U.S. in 2018)

On Monday, Lorenzana met with US Ambassador to the Philippines Sung Kim, US Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs David Stillwell, and Assistant Secretary of Defense for Indo-Pacific Security Affairs Randall Schriver. Kim tweeted that the meeting sought “to explore ways to deepen our military partnership.”

The 8th BSD also takes places weeks after a Chinese vessel rammed and abandoned a Filipino fishing boat on June 9 near Recto Bank, drawing attention to, and heating up, the dispute once more. The US hit the intimidation at sea after the Philippine boat sinking

DISCUSSIONS. DFA Undersecretary for policy Enrique Manalo (center) and Defense Undersecretary for operations Cesar Yano are among representatives of the Philippines co-chairing the 8th Philippines-US Bilateral Strategic Dialogue. Photo from the Department of Foreign Affairs

DISCUSSIONS. DFA Undersecretary for policy Enrique Manalo (center) and Defense Undersecretary for operations Cesar Yano are among representatives of the Philippines co-chairing the 8th Philippines-US Bilateral Strategic Dialogue.

Photo from the Department of Foreign Affairs

Who else is attending? On the Philippine side, Foreign Affairs Undersecretary for policy Enrique Manalo and Defense Undersecretary for operations Cesar Yano are among those co-chairing the talks.

For the US, Kim, Stillwell, and Schriver were joined by US Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for South and Southeast Asia Joseph Felter, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs Hugo Yon, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Jorgan Andrews, and Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Southeast Asia Mark Clark.

Prior to this year's BSD, the last discussion between the Philippines and the US was held from November 30 to December 1, 2017 in Washington DC. – Rappler.com

Sofia Tomacruz

Sofia Tomacruz covers foreign affairs, the overseas Filipino workers, and elections. She also writes stories on the treatment of women and children. Follow her on Twitter @sofiatomacruz. Email her at sofia.tomacruz@rappler.com.

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