Photos show China building hangars in West PH Sea

MANILA, Philippines – China is building hangars in the disputed West Philippine Sea (South China Sea) as it prepares its artificial islands for military aircraft, based on photos released by an independent think tank.

The Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative (AMTI) of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) said China is undertaking "the rapid construction of reinforced hangars" in 3 features of the Spratly Islands in the West Philippine Sea.

China is constructing these hangars on the artificial islands it has built to assert de facto control over the West Philippine Sea.

"Each of the 3 islets will soon have hangar space for 24 fighter-jets plus 3-4 larger planes," the AMTI said in a story titled, "Build It and They Will Come: China Preps Spratlys for Military Aircraft." 

In this article, the latest satellite image by CSIS/AMTI and DigitalGlobe was dated July 24.

That was nearly two weeks after an arbitral tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands, on July 12 struck down China’s expansive claim over the disputed waters.

The July 24 image shows 3 sets of hangars on Zamora Reef (Subi Reef). Towers and 4 unknown structures can be seen there as well.

Another satellite image, this time dated July 22, also shows 3 sets of hangars on Panganiban Reef (Mischief Reef). Towers and 4 unknown structures surround these hangars on Panganiban Reef.

On Kagitingan Reef (Fiery Cross Reef), a photo dated June 3 shows 4 sets of hangars. Alongside these hangars, one can find towers and 3 unknown structures.

'Overall development plan'

M. Taylor Fravel, political science professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, explained that the hangars "were not constructed directly in response to the July 12 ruling."

In an e-mail to Rappler early Wednesday morning, August 10, Fravel said that construction of the hangars "probably began at least 6 months ago, and photos from May and June show completed hangars on Fiery Cross Reef."

Fravel, an international relations expert who studies China and East Asia, added that the construction of the hangars "is part of the overall development plan for the islands."

"In particular, in the future, the hangars give China the option to base or rotate military aircraft on the islands, either on a temporary basis or a permanent basis.  The key question is not the construction of the hangars, which is expected given the airfields, but how China intends to use them," he said.

"In the short-term, the construction of hangars will not affect peace and stability," Fravel added. 

"The real question concerns whether China decides to use these facilities for military purposes, as forward bases for Chinese airpower that could directly threaten the other states that occupy land features in the South China Sea," he said. 

Experts at a recent Chinese-organized forum in Singapore, however, said China can use its artificial islands for "public service" in the Asia Pacific. They said these islands can help China and its Southeast Asian neighbors in boosting disaster response, among other things. –

Paterno R. Esmaquel II

Paterno R. Esmaquel II, news editor of Rappler, specializes in covering religion and foreign affairs. He obtained his MA Journalism degree from Ateneo and later finished MSc Asian Studies (Religions in Plural Societies) at RSIS, Singapore. For story ideas or feedback, email him at