President and press have 'common duty' to Filipinos – media groups

MANILA, Philippines – A day before Rodrigo Duterte assumes the presidency, more than 20 media groups released a pooled editorial emphasizing that both the Chief Executive and the press have a "common duty in law and tradition" to serve the Filipino people. 

In the editorial released Wednesday, June 29, the journalists noted Duterte's tense relationship with media, as the president-elect has refused to grant interviews and access to journalists after accusing them of twisting and misinterpreting his statements.

"Regrettably, the conversation between President-elect Rodrigo Duterte and the news media has turned sharp and shrill. All but lost in the noise is the two parties’ common duty in law and tradition to serve and to inform the Filipino people on issues, events and policies that affect their interest and welfare," the editorial said.

It pointed out that as the chief executive, the President is "the most important pivot of news and policy in the land," and that the Constitution upholds the citizens' right to free speech and a free press.

"Thus, despite his vexation with those he calls the 'lowlifes' and the 'mouthpieces' in the news media, we must at all times cover him, his actions, and his statements. In truth, the news media must report more – and better – about him, his policies and his actions, with our reports guided by the best standards of accuracy, fairness and context," the editorial read.

It added that media's role as the "people's private eye in the public arena" is important, considering the country's history under a dictatorship and its journey back into a democracy.

The media groups vowed to continue reporting on the actions and statements of the new administration, despite at least two "disturbing messages" from Duterte.

One of these was his statement that slain journalists were killed because they were corrupt and "asked" for it. This drew condemnation from various groups, who pointed out that most of those killed had exposed crime and corruption. Cases like the Maguindanao massacre, they added, were also still unresolved.

The media groups also said that Duterte's "volcanic language" has affected journalists' reportage, "so that journalists with valid, if testy, questions are seemingly forced to eat expletives by way of a response."

While acknowledging that corruption in the news media exists, the media groups said the new administration can do its part to stop media corruption.

"The government's own media agents, as well as politicians and corporate PRs who offer more than stories to get favorable coverage or to spike bad news, must, in the President-elect’s words, 'stop it.' Another solution calls for quick action from media managers: Provide better pay and protection for journalists," the editorial read.

The groups also called on Duterte to pass the Freedom of Information law to enhance transparency and accountability in government, and wish the incoming administration luck in delivering its promises to the people.

Read the full editorial below:

Regrettably, the conversation between President-elect Rodrigo Duterte and the news media has turned sharp and shrill. All but lost in the noise is the two parties’ common duty in law and tradition to serve and to inform the Filipino people on issues, events and policies that affect their interest and welfare.

A president—all at once the chief executive, fount of foreign policy, manager of the national household, guardian of peace and order, commander of the uniformed services, and arbiter of policy conflicts—is the most important pivot of news and policy in the land. The President is mandated by law to lead the nation and to promote transparency, accountability, and good governance. 

But the Constitution also upholds the citizens’ rights to free speech, free press, free expression, and peaceable assembly. It guarantees as well their right to due process, equality before the law, access to information, justice, and life.

As “the people’s private eye in the public arena,” the news media serve as custodian and gatekeeper of some of these rights. It’s a task that must be accomplished, and the President-elect’s predecessors as well as the nation’s journey from democracy to dictatorship and back illustrate why and how we must inquire into, inveigh against, and investigate questionable public officials and agencies, on the citizens’ behalf.

Thus, despite his vexation with those he calls the “lowlifes” and the “mouthpieces” in the news media, we must at all times cover him, his actions, and his statements. In truth, the news media must report more—and better—about him, his policies and his actions, with our reports guided by the best standards of accuracy, fairness and context.

This we must do even as we note at least two disturbing “messages” from the President-elect.

First, by saying that “corrupt journalists … vultures of journalism can die for all I care [because] you’re asking for it,” he mocks the memory of 172 journalists (at latest count) killed in the line of duty since democracy’s rebirth in 1986. The last report filed by a majority of those slain journalists precisely exposed crime and corruption, the same social ills that he says he wants to curb. Sadly, not a single mastermind or principal suspect in these murders, including state agents, local warlords, and criminal elements, have been held to account.

Second, whether intended or not, his volcanic language has dampened, indeed chilled, the daily reportage, so that journalists with valid, if testy, questions are seemingly forced to eat expletives by way of a response.

To be sure, corruption in the news media is as real as the 16-million vote that secured the victory of the President-elect. To be sure, corruption afflicts both individuals and agencies in the news media, and has evolved into a subculture with a language all its own.

As anywhere else, however, corruption in the news media is a supply-demand chain. One solution offers a key role for the incoming administration: Slay it at the source. The government’s own media agents, as well as politicians and corporate PRs who offer more than stories to get favorable coverage or to spike bad news, must, in the President-elect’s words, “stop it.” Another solution calls for quick action from media managers: Provide better pay and protection for journalists.

But here’s the thing: The institutional capture of the news media by politicians has begun in some parts of the country. Local politicians and their families have acquired ownership and control of print and broadcast media agencies, and certain local government units have bought block-time segments using public funds. The corruption of the news media thus also involves partisan political interests driving editorial processes—as the President-elect knows full well.

Yet for all the supposed differences, the news media and the President-elect have complete agreement on one factor: the urgency of a Freedom of Information Law. The issuance of an FOI executive order on Day One of his presidency should prevent the 17th Congress from tarrying in its task.

An FOI Law will provide the necessary institutional and legal framework for full and true functional links between transparency and accountability in government, and for the right of all Filipinos to access information in order to take part in nation-building.

We in the news media wish the incoming administration success in all its endeavors. As journalists and as citizens, we commit not only to do journalism right and better, but also to uphold and defend free speech, free press, free expression, and the people’s right to know.

(This pooled editorial is supported by the Philippine Press Institute, National Union of Journalists of the Philippines, Philippine Daily Inquirer, Philippine Star, Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism, Notre Dame Broadcasting Corporation, Mindanao Cross, Mindanao Gold Star Daily, Sun.Star-Cagayan de Oro, The Journal, The Freeman, Bicol Today, College Editors Guild of the Philippines, Kodao Productions, Bulatlat, Philippine Collegian, Eastern Vista, Pahayagang Balikas, Banat News, Northern Dispatch, Panguil Bay Monitor, Mindanao Monitor, Catarman Weekly Tribune, The Standard, Lanao del Norte Today, Panay Today, Pinoy Weekly and Blog Watch.) 

The Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism (PCIJ) also posted versions of the pooled editorial in Filipino and Bisaya Rappler.com