MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – The Aquino administration has made "radical" progress in reforming the government after fewer businessmen reported "a lot" of corruption in the public sector, the Social Weather Stations (SWS) said at the second Integrity Summit on Tuesday, September 18.
Executives who saw "a lot" of corruption in the public sector fell to 42% in 2012 from 64% in 2009, the SWS said in its 2012 Survey of Enterprises on Corruption.
SWS president Mahar Mangahas presented the survey results at the summit aiming to intensify the drive "for a culture of integrity." Before Mangahas, President Benigno Aquino III delivered a speech to trumpet his administration's gains in fighting corruption.
Screen grab of SWS graph
In the survey, the SWS noted that the level of perceived public sector corruption remained at 60% or more since the first such survey in 2000. The government's rating under this category, then, is the best it has gotten in over a decade.
The survey firm said the "most radical change" came from the Office of the President, which respondents rated for net sincerity in fighting corruption. Under Aquino, the Office of the President's rating rose to "excellent" or +81 under this category in 2012, from "bad" or -37 in 2009.
Other indicators showed the following:
On high-profile cases such as those against former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, former First Gentleman Jose Miguel Arroyo, and former Commission on Elections chair Benjamin Abalos, most executives see the cases as “being conducted fairly, but at too slow a pace.”
Meanwhile, executive see less corruption in the private than in the public sector, the SWS said. But “the situation is also serious, and has not improved.” “The tendency of companies in their own sector to give bribes to win private contracts is more or less unchanged,” the pollster noted.
The SWS said the report was preliminary, and was based on interviews with executives of 826 companies – 281 of these large, and 545 small and medium – from July 16 to September 14. (Read the summary of the survey below.)
At the Integrity Summit, businessmen stressed the importance of a clean government in improving business. “Transparency leads to competitiveness because it levels the playing field,” said Guillermo Luz, National Competitiveness Council private sector co-chair.
The summit was held exactly a week after a friend of President Aquino, Rico Puno, resigned as Interior undersecretary over reports he was being probed in connection with the Philippine National Police's firearms deals.
Photo by Maria Ressa
The Integrity Initiative, a campaign led by the private sector, organized the Integrity Summit with this year's theme, "Driving Culture Change." Some 500 participants attended it at the Hotel Intercontinental in Makati City. In the afternoon, another keynote speaker – newly installed Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno – will discuss the judicial reforms she seeks to implement.
Paterno R. Esmaquel II, news editor of Rappler, specializes in covering religion and foreign affairs. He obtained his MA Journalism degree from Ateneo and later finished MSc Asian Studies (Religions in Plural Societies) at RSIS, Singapore. For story ideas or feedback, email him at firstname.lastname@example.org.