tropical cyclones in PH

Typhoon Odette threatens Kalayaan Island Group

Acor Arceo
Typhoon Odette threatens Kalayaan Island Group

ODETTE. Satellite image of Typhoon Odette (Rai) as of December 18, 2021, 5:30 am.


The Kalayaan Island Group is seeing heavy to torrential rain and destructive winds from Typhoon Odette (Rai) on Saturday, December 18

MANILA, Philippines – Typhoon Odette (Rai) was threatening the Kalayaan Island Group in the West Philippine Sea in the early hours of Saturday, December 18, after making landfall in the country nine times.

In its 5 am bulletin on Saturday, the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) said Odette was located 240 kilometers west northwest of Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, moving west northwest at only 15 kilometers per hour (km/h).

The typhoon is expected to pass in the vicinity of the Kalayaan Island Group, which is part of Palawan, on Saturday, and exit the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) either in the morning or afternoon.

Odette continued to have maximum sustained winds of 150 km/h before dawn on Saturday, while its gustiness was up to 185 km/h. At its peak, it had maximum sustained winds of 195 km/h.

PAGASA said Odette could slightly reintensify over the West Philippine Sea on Saturday, but the “increasing vertical wind shear and the surge of the northeast monsoon” or hanging amihan may cause it to weaken beginning Sunday, December 19.

The weather bureau advised residents in parts of Luzon as well as Northern Samar to expect more rain on Saturday even as Odette is on its way out of PAR. Floods and landslides could still occur.

  • Heavy to torrential rain – Kalayaan Island Group
  • Moderate to heavy rain – mainland Palawan, Aurora, northern part of Quezon including Polillo Islands
  • Light to moderate rain, with at times heavy rain – Bicol, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, Nueva Ecija, rest of Quezon, Northern Samar

Tropical cyclone wind signals are still raised for parts of Palawan as of 5 am on Saturday.

Signal No. 3 (destructive typhoon-force winds)
  • Kalayaan Island Group
Signal No. 2 (damaging gale- to storm-force winds)
  • central part of Palawan (San Vicente, Quezon, Puerto Princesa City, Aborlan)
Signal No. 1 (strong winds)
  • rest of mainland Palawan (Balabac, Rizal, Bataraza, Brooke’s Point, Sofronio Española, Narra, Roxas, Taytay, Dumaran, Araceli, El Nido) including Calamian Islands

Signal No. 4 was the highest tropical cyclone wind signal raised during Odette’s onslaught.

PROJECTED PATH. Forecast track of Typhoon Odette (Rai) as of December 18, 2021, 5 am.

PAGASA also warned of possible storm surges “which may result in life-threatening coastal flooding” in the Kalayaan Island Group, while coastal areas of localities under Signal Nos. 1 and 2 could see coastal flooding as well due to “hazardous surf conditions.”

Rough to very high seas are being experienced in the seaboards of the Kalayaan Island Group on Saturday. Waves are 2.8 to 10 meters high.

Rough to very rough seas also persist in the seaboards of areas under Signal Nos. 1 and 2, with waves 2.8 to 5 meters high.

“These conditions are risky for all types of sea vessels. Mariners are advised to remain in port or take shelter in port until winds and waves subside,” the weather bureau said.

In addition, a gale warning remains in effect due to Odette and the northeast monsoon. This gale warning covers coastal waters not under any wind signal in the seaboards of Northern Luzon and in the eastern and western seaboards of Central Luzon and Southern Luzon. Waters are rough to very rough, with waves 2.8 to 4.5 meters high.

The remaining seaboards of the Philippines not under any wind signal or gale warning – specifically the seaboards of the Visayas and the northern, western, and eastern seaboards of Mindanao – also have moderate to rough seas. Waves are 1.2 to 4 meters high and conditions are risky for small vessels.

Odette made landfall in the country nine times, in these areas:

Thursday, December 16

  • Siargao Island, Surigao del Norte – 1:30 pm
  • Cagdianao, Dinagat Islands – 3:10 pm
  • Liloan, Southern Leyte – 4:50 pm
  • Padre Burgos, Southern Leyte – 5:40 pm
  • President Carlos P. Garcia, Bohol – 6:30 pm
  • Bien Unido, Bohol – 7:30 pm
  • Carcar, Cebu – 10 pm

Friday, December 17

  • La Libertad, Negros Oriental – 12 am
  • Roxas, Palawan – 3:10 pm

The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council said at least 14 people died due to Odette, based on initial reports. The typhoon also left a trail of destruction in parts of Mindanao and the Visayas, with damage assessment still ongoing.

Odette is the Philippines’ 15th tropical cyclone for 2021. Around 20 form within or enter PAR each year.

Here are PAGASA’s estimates for tropical cyclones in the coming months:

  • December 2021 – 1 or 2
  • January 2022 – 0 or 1
  • February 2022 – 0 or 1
  • March 2022 – 0 or 1
  • April 2022 – 0 or 1
  • May 2022 – 1 or 2


Acor Arceo

Acor Arceo is the head of copy and editorial standards at Rappler. Trained in both online and TV newsrooms, Acor supervises Rappler’s coverage of disasters, handles the business desk, and ensures consistency in editorial standards across all sections.