FALSE: Bataan Nuclear Power Plant to reopen

Claim:

The Bataan Nuclear Power Plant will be reopened.

A Facebook video on the page "FLM" made this claim. The text at the bottom of the 12-minute video says, "Bataan Nuclear Power Plant muling bubuksan sagot sa patuloy na pagtaas ng singil sa kuryente." (Bataan Nuclear Power Plant will reopen, a solution to the increasing price of electricity.)

Since it was posted on August 4, the video has been viewed over 371,000 times and has gotten over 13,000 reactions and 1,500 comments.

A screenshot of the video thumbnail was posted on the page "SOLID Duterte" on August 27. It was flagged by Facebook's fact checking tool Claim Check as potentially misleading.

Rating: FALSE
The facts:

As of Friday, September 4, there have been no laws passed on reopening the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant. Duterte signed an executive order (EO) for a study on a national position on nuclear energy, but EO 116 does not say the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant must reopen.

EO 116, which was signed on July 24, calls for a study of a national position on a nuclear energy program (NEP) and establishes the NEP inter-agency committee (NEP-IAC), headed by the Department of Energy.

Among the NEP-IAC's functions is to review existing facilities for nuclear energy such as, but not limited to, the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant.

The NEP-IAC has not made any recommendations as of writing. The EO states that the NEP-IAC must report its findings no later than January 2021, or within 6 months from the time the order takes effect.

Duterte had said in the past that pursuing nuclear energy might be unconstitutional. Article II Section 8 of the Constitution states: "The Philippines, consistent with the national interest, adopts and pursues a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in its territory."

In 2016, then-Senate president Aquilino “Koko” Pimentel III said that it would be preferable for the government to pass a law before pursuing nuclear energy because of the expected large expenditure and "controversial nature of the decision."

This claim was also fact checked and rated as misleading by Agence France-Presse Philippines on Wednesday, September 2. – Vernise Tantuco/Rappler.com