FAST FACTS: Key positions in the Bangsamoro government

MANILA, Philippines – What happens next now that the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL) has been deemed ratified.

Official results of the plebiscite showed on Saturday, January 26, that majority of voters from the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) approved of the landmark law. The yes votes won in 4 provinces – Basilan, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, and Tawi-Tawi – while Sulu voted against its ratification. (RESULTS: Bangsamoro Plebiscite 2019)

The BOL will create the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), the culmination of the decades-long negotiations between the government and members of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). (READ: Now that Bangsamoro law is ratified, what comes next?)

The Bangsamoro Transition Authority will now be created to serve as interim government. The MILF is allotted 41 slots of the 80-member BTA. The rest will comprise of representatives from the women’s sector, the youth, and indigenous people.

Members of the ARMM regional government will also be part of the body on top of the 80 members. They will hold their positions until June 30, 2019.

The BTA will govern the new region until the 2022 elections, when a new set of officials will be elected. After that, the BTA will be dissolved. 

Republic Act Number 11054, the BOL, states the regional government’s structure, and lists the ley positions and the functions of each. 

What are the qualifications of a chief minister? 

How is the chief minister elected? 
The Bangsamoro’s chief minister is elected during the first day of session of the parliament. He or she should get a majority vote of all members.  

What are the chief minister’s functions and powers?

The chief minister should also be a member of the Mindanao Development Authority and ex-officio member of the National Security Council (NSC) and the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) on matters concerning the Bangsamoro.

How long is the term? 
Three years

What are the qualifications of a deputy minister?

How are deputy ministers chosen? 
The two Deputy Chief Ministers are nominated by the chief minister and elected by the parliament.  

What are the deputy ministers’ functions and powers? 

How long is the term of the deputy ministers? 
Three years

What are the qualifications of a member of the parliament? 

How is the parliament divided? 
The parliament shall be composed of 80 people. These seats are distributed and divided into:

What are the qualifications of a political party?
The Bangsamoro Electoral Office shall prescribe qualifications that can make an organized group be identified as a political party.

What are the qualifications of a district representative?
Aside from the general qualifications for a parliamentary member, a district representative should be a resident of his or her chosen district for at least one year.  

What are the qualifications of a youth representative?
A youth representative should be at least 18 years old but no order than 30 years old at the time of the election. 

What are the qualifications of a non-Moro IP representative? 
A non-moro IP representative should adhere to 

What are the powers of the parliament?

How long is the term of a parliament member?
The term of a member of the parliament shall last 3 years. He or she cannot serve beyond 3 consecutive terms. 

What are the qualifications of a wali?

What are the functions and powers of a wali? 
A wali will only be able to perform ceremonial duties, including:

How is the wali selected? 
The parliament will select a wali from a list of Bangsamoro region residents submitted by the Council of Leaders. 

The first wali will be appointed by the Bangsamoro Transition Authority and will hold office for 3 years. Each succeeding wali will hold the position for 6 years.

What are the qualifications of a member of the Cabinet?

How is a Cabinet member chosen? 
The chief minister shall appoint the members of his or her Cabinet

The council of leaders, according to the BOL, "shall advice the chief minister on matters of government in the Bangsamoro region." 

The council shall include:

Jodesz Gavilan

Jodesz Gavilan is a writer and researcher for Rappler and its investigative arm, Newsbreak. She covers human rights and also hosts the weekly podcast Newsbreak: Beyond the Stories. She joined Rappler in 2014 after obtaining her journalism degree from the University of the Philippines.