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Things to know about Palarong Pambansa, the PH's largest youth sporting event

UNITY. Athletes from 18 regions light the Palarong Pambansa flame. Rappler file photo

UNITY. Athletes from 18 regions light the Palarong Pambansa flame.

Rappler file photo

MANILA, Philippines – The 2018 Palarong Pambansa, the largest sports gathering in the country, is set to happen next week from April 15 to 21. 

This year’s host is the city of Vigan – the capital of Ilocos Sur province. 

Often cited as the culmination of year-long competitions, student-athletes from elementary and high schools (both public and private) look forward to getting a spot in the roster to represent their region in the Palarong Pambansa. (READ: Who are the #FacesOfPalaro?)

First held in Manila in 1948, the national competion was initially called the Bureau of Public Schools-Interscholastic Athletics Association Games (BPISAA).  

In 1974, BPISAA was renamed Palarong Pambansa. Under former president Ferdinand Marcos, the national games were called Palarong Bagong Lipunan in 1980 and Palarong Pilipino Gintong Alay in 1984. 

Palaro law

The national competition was institutionalized when Republic Act No. 10588, also called the Palarong Pambansa Act, was signed into law in 2013. 

It assigned the annual games as the “primary venue for providing in-school sports opportunities to improve the physical, intellectual and social well-being of the youth.” 

The law also directs all schools to promote physical education and conduct regular sports activities and local meets in line with Palarong Pambansa. It likewise aims to encourage local government units to take a proactive role in the promotion of the games “by providing incentives and rewards.”

LOOSE BALL. A Calabarzon cager tries to grab a loose ball during the Basketball semifinals against Western Visayas. File photo by Joseph Victor Sumbong/Rappler

LOOSE BALL. A Calabarzon cager tries to grab a loose ball during the Basketball semifinals against Western Visayas.

File photo by Joseph Victor Sumbong/Rappler

Hosting the Palarong Pambansa is rotated among the 3 major island groups – Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Local governments that wish to host the annual event take part in a bidding process. The final host is selected based on the ability to accommodate the student-athletes and the needs of each sporting event.

In 2017, San Jose de Buenavista in Antique hosted the 60th Palarong Pambansa while Legazpi City, Albay hosted it in 2016 and Tagum City, Davao in 2015.

Cancellations in the past 

While the largest grassroots event in the field of sports became a regular fixture, there were years when the games were not conducted for varying reasons. 

First in 1957 when the supposed 10th staging was cancelled when then president Ramon Magsaysay died in a plane crash in Cebu. 

It was also cancelled in 1972 when Marcos declared Martial Law. BPISAA was held the following year in 1973. The event was also suspended from 1984 to 1987.

Post-Marcos, Palarong Pambansa was cancelled in 2001 due to “budgetary problems” and in 2004 because of the presidential elections.

SMILE. Region XII arnis players huddle for a snapshot. File photo by Regine Villafuerte/Rappler

SMILE. Region XII arnis players huddle for a snapshot.

File photo by Regine Villafuerte/Rappler

Starting from Palaro

Many established national athletes got their start in the Palarong Pambansa. 

Among those who trace their roots to the national games are track legends Elma Muros and Lydia de Vega, former Philippine Azkals co-captain Chieffy Caligdong, basketball stars Samboy Lim, Danny Ildefonso, Willi Miller, and swimmer Akiko Thompson, among others.  

In fact, officials of colleges and universities are known to attend Palarong Pambansa to find potential recruits for their school’s varsity teams.

In 2016, for example, record-breaking runner Mia Meagey Niñura from Davao Region received recruitment offers from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and the University of Southern California (USC) in the United States. 

It’s likely that this year’s Palarong Pambansa will be no different. – Rappler.com

Jodesz Gavilan

Jodesz Gavilan is a writer and researcher for Rappler and its investigative arm, Newsbreak. She covers human rights and also hosts the weekly podcast Newsbreak: Beyond the Stories. She joined Rappler in 2014 after obtaining her journalism degree from the University of the Philippines.

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