Senate bills seek to protect women vs online harassment, violence

Camille Elemia

This is AI generated summarization, which may have errors. For context, always refer to the full article.

Senate bills seek to protect women vs online harassment, violence
Senator Risa Hontiveros files the 'Tres Marias' bills, among them a measure that seeks to criminalize misogynistic and homophobic attacks on social media

MANILA, Philippines – Senator Risa Hontiveros on Tuesday, November 22, filed 3 bills that seek to give women more protection against sexual harassment and violence, including attacks on social media.

Hontiveros called the proposed measures the “Tres Marias” bills: Senate Bill No. 1251 which seeks to punish those behind misogynistic and homophobic attacks on social media, SB 1252 or the Anti-Rape Act, and SB 1250 or the Anti-Sexual Harassment Bill. (READ: Violence against women: Sex, power, abuse)

In filing SB 1251 or the gender-based electronic violence (GBEV) bill, the senator expressed alarm over the growing number of sexual harassment against women online, citing the case of Vice President Leni Robredo, who was the subject of a nasty pregnancy rumor. (READ: The many faces of sexual harassment in the PH)

Hontiveros also mentioned the case of student Anne Nicole de Castro, who joined her in a press conference on Tuesday. De Castro was sexually harassed online after a photo of her in a protest rally against the hero’s burial for late dictator Ferdinand Marcos went viral on social media. (READ: ‘Let’s gang bang her’: Anti-Marcos protester gets rape threats)

“It’s time to interrupt and end the culture of rape and male sexual violence. We will bring the fight to our very homes, workplaces, and the Internet. We will give no quarter to misogyny and sexism. We will not allow the gross and blatant disrespect, sexual assault and objectification of our women and children to continue to take safe refuge in our communities,” Hontiveros said.

Gender-based electronic violence

Hontiveros, who chairs the Senate committee on women, children, family relations and gender equality, pointed out that the victims of misogynistic and homophobic attacks online are usually the youth, whose primary outlet of expression is social media.

“The attacks have the effect of silencing this expression, and contributing to a culture of misogyny and hate,” she said.

Under SB 1251, misogynistic and homophobic attacks online fall under GBEV.

The bill defines GBEV as “acts involving use of any form of information and communications technology which causes or is likely to cause mental, emotional or psychological distress or suffering to the female victim or lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer (LGBTQ) victim, and tending to disparage the dignity and personhood of the same on account of his or her gender.”


SB 1251 seeks a jail term of 5 to 10 years for offenders, or a fine of P100,000 to P500,000. The court could choose to impose both penalties.

Some of the violations are:

  • Unauthorized recording, reproduction or distribution of videos showing the victim’s naked or undergarment-clad genitals, pubic area, buttocks or breasts
  • Uploading or sharing without the consent of the victim any form of media that contain pictures, voice, or video of the victim with lewd, indecent, obscene or sexual content
  • Harassing or threatening the victim through text messaging, obscene, misogynistic, homophobic or indecent posts in social media sites, or other cyber, electronic or multimedia means
  • Cyber-stalking which includes, but not limited to, the hacking of personal accounts on social networking sites, the use of location trackers on cellular devices
  • Unauthorized use of the victim’s picture, video, voice, name, or any other aspect of the victim’s identity and distributing the same in any video game, phone application, program and the like, which deliberately exposes the victim to harassment and attack and puts or tends to put the victim in a bad light or injure the victim’s reputation

SB 1252 seeks to amend and modernize current anti-rape laws. The bill seeks to deem the use of video recording or an electronic device during the commission of the rape as an aggravating circumstance.

SB 1250, meanwhile, seeks to amend current legislation by introducing sexual harassment between peers and those committed to a superior officer by a subordinate, or to a teacher by a student, or to a trainer by a trainee. –

Add a comment

Sort by

There are no comments yet. Add your comment to start the conversation.

Summarize this article with AI

How does this make you feel?

Download the Rappler App!
Face, Person, Human


Camille Elemia

Camille Elemia is a former multimedia reporter for Rappler. She covered media and disinformation, the Senate, the Office of the President, and politics.