Pines City Colleges (PCC) in Baguio made it to the news a few weeks ago when a school memo requiring female students to undergo a pregnancy test was shared on social media and quickly went viral.
According to the memo, the students would also need to pay P150 for the pregnancy test.
This policy is problematic. At the most basic level, a pregnancy test can be purchased over the counter for as low as P90. On the most incredulous level, there are institutions like PCC that blatantly violate laws prohibiting discrimination based on gender like the Magna Carta of Women and think they are within reason for doing so.
Twyla Rubin of the Gender Ombudsman at the Commission on Human Rights (CHR) and other groups held a dialogue with PCC officials as part of an initial investigation. PCC defended its policy, saying:
PCC further insisted that the policy was initiated to protect the health and well-being of a pregnant woman and her unborn child.
I called PCC and asked to speak to Ms Regina Prats, PCC vice president for administration and one of the signatories of the memo. Her assistant, Caroline, politely but firmly refused to transfer my call to Prats and repeatedly said that I should refer to the PCC statement posted on its Facebook page.
Discrimination of women based on pregnancy
PCC's defense is egregious and flawed. First of all, just because no one complained or because other schools are allegedly doing it, does not give PCC a free pass to implement such a policy. Secondly, the passage of the Magna Carta of Women requires all institutions to ensure that their policies and regulations are consistent with the law. Lastly, PCC cannot claim that the female students freely agreed to undergo a pregnancy exam. It is not free choice when a punitive environment for students who fall pregnant is a matter of school policy.
Consider the provisions in the PCC student manual shared by the Likhaan Center for Women's Health:
As if that weren't enough humiliation, there is this additional provision:
How does the school intend to conduct a thorough investigation to prove or disprove that a woman had an abortion?!
A statement released by Likhaan and signed by other women's rights advocates lists 5 reasons why the policy is damaging to young women's mental health and future aspirations. An excerpt from the statement reads:
The sanctions on women found to be pregnant or had an abortion are not "protective," but harsh and judgmental. Mandatory self-reporting and written explanations of one's pregnancy or denial of abortion are gross violations of privacy and confidentiality and expose women to stigma and judgment. Forced leave, failing grades, and dismissal from college because of their reproductive condition or decision will set back these young women from the pursuit of their chosen careers.
Likhaan further asserted that while students may be exposed to certain elements in the course of their study, there are standard ways of protecting pregnant women from these risks, such as protective gear against radiation.
Challenge of upholding gender equality
Rather than referencing scientific evidence, a medical school like PCC is choosing to exaggerate the risks linked with pregnancy. Despite being an academic institution that should set an example for exemplary law-abiding behavior, PCC insists that it is entitled to its own interpretation of laws.
Laws guarantee our individual rights, but it is everyone's duty to enforce and uphold the law.
We can start by orienting ourselves on laws like the Magna Carta of Women. It does seem tedious but when you know what rights are afforded to you, you will feel less helpless in being made to comply with policies you know are unjust and discriminatory just because "the school said so."
Pregnancy is not a crime for you or me. Neither should it be a crime for PCC students. – Rappler.com
Does your school or organization have policies like a mandatory pregnancy test?
Ana P. Santos writes about sex and gender issues for Rappler. She is also the 2014 Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting Miel Fellow.