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KHARTOUM, Sudan – Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir was re-elected with more than 94% of the vote, results showed Monday, April 27, despite international war crimes charges and a poll marred by low turnout and an opposition boycott.
The opposition rejected the result as a “joke” after the electoral commission announced the figures securing another 5-year term for Bashir, 71, after the election held earlier this month.
National Electoral Commission chief Mokhtar al-Asam announced Bashir’s victory to a Khartoum news conference to cries of “Allahu akbar!” (God is greatest) from the long-serving president’s supporters.
Only little-known candidates had run against Bashir, and his closest competitor – Fadl el-Sayed Shuiab of the Federal Truth Party – took just 1.43% of the vote.
Bashir’s ruling National Congress Party also dominated results in a simultaneous parliamentary election, taking 323 of 426 seats.
The elections took place over four days from April 13, with voting extended by a day after turnout appeared minimal. Asam said the participation rate was more than 46%.
Western governments criticized the elections, which were held amid deepening economic woes and conflicts in the Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan regions.
Bashir is wanted by the International Criminal Court on charges of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide in Darfur, where the UN says more than 300,000 people have been killed and more than 2.5 million displaced.
Norway, the United States and Britain slammed Sudan for its “failure to create a free, fair and conducive elections environment”, while the European Union said the vote could not produce a “credible” result because of Bashir’s failure to engage the opposition in national dialogue talks he promised last year.
“We do not consider the outcome of these elections to be a credible expression of the will of the Sudanese people,” said US State Department spokesman Jeff Rathke.
But at a victory rally on Monday afternoon, Bashir hailed the elections as free and fair.
“We will not talk about the number or proportion of votes we obtained, but we thank God and the Sudanese people, who gave a lesson in fairness and transparency,” he said.
Thousands of supporters cheered him, waving flags and pictures of Bashir as he spoke at the NCP party headquarters on Monday afternoon.
The mainstream opposition and rebel groups – which urged voters to stay away from polling stations – rejected the vote from the beginning.
“Nobody recognized the election, it is a one-party, one-person election process, and of course we have been saying so all along,” said Arnu Lodi, a spokesman for the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-North.
The SPLA-N launched an insurgency against Bashir’s government in the South Kordofan and Blue Nile areas in 2011, complaining of economic and political marginalization.
“The SPLA-N doesn’t recognize the elections, let alone the results,” he told Agence France-Presse by telephone. “It’s a joke and I don’t think anybody can believe that figure.”
His group, along with rebels in Darfur who have been fighting Khartoum’s forces since 2003, had vowed to disrupt the ballots across their region.
During the 4-day vote, a handful of polling stations in the troubled areas were attacked and ballots stolen.
Bashir has promised to launch the national dialogue with the opposition after the election, and rebels from Darfur and South Kordofan were due to participate.
But fighting still rages in the regions, and the election results came the day after rebels and the Sudanese military said there had been major clashes in South Darfur state, with both claiming to have inflicted heavy losses on the other side.
Career soldier Bashir took power in an Islamist-backed takeover in 1989, the last in a series of coups that marked Sudan after its independence from joint British and Egyptian rule in 1956.
He has since overseen the country’s split with South Sudan after a 22-year civil war.
Bashir promised on the campaign trail that his next term would be one of “security and political and economic stability for Sudan”.
He made few concrete policy promises but vowed to boost development of Sudan’s struggling economy, which for years has suffered from international isolation.
The United States imposed a trade embargo in 1997 over alleged rights abuses and sanctions over Khartoum’s sheltering of Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden for 5 years in the early 1990s.
More than 3/4 of the country’s oil reserves were also lost with South Sudan’s split. – Abdelmoneim Abu Idris Ali, AFP / Rappler.com