BANJUL, Gambia / DAKAR, Senegal – Jubilant Gambians prepared Thursday, January 26, to welcome home their new president Adama Barrow, who was elected almost two months ago but fled to Senegal when his predecessor refused to step aside.
Barrow's return at 1600 GMT will cap days of anxious waiting in the tiny former British colony that was thrown into chaos when longtime leader Yahya Jammeh refused to leave after losing a December 1 vote.
Barrow took the oath of office at his country's embassy in Dakar a week ago and a multinational African force then entered The Gambia to ensure his safe return home and Jammeh's departure.
Gambians said they were looking forward to their freedom after two decades of Jammeh's iron-fisted rule.
"I'm 100 percent a Barrow supporter and I'm more happy than I can say," said Kanamo Sansou, sitting with his friends at Serrekunda market close to the capital Banjul.
"He will be different in all aspects... we have been living under dictatorship for 22 years," added pensioner Ibrahima Gaye.
"You can go home at night and sleep without worrying you will be arrested before daybreak," he said.
Barrow has not been seen in public and has not publicly addressed Gambians since his swearing-in.
A senior government official had told Agence France-Presse that "It is important for him to come to avoid the void."
'Building pillars of reform'
The official said the priority would be "putting into place the pillars of reform and human rights".
"People are very happy and it's elating".
Diplomats had urged Barrow to return quickly to curb the impact of the political crisis on the tourist-reliant economy, already in a fragile state.
The UN envoy for West Africa, Mohamed Ibn Chambas, who briefed the Security Council on The Gambia, stressed that the United Nations was working to bolster stability.
The UN official is due to fly to Banjul for Barrow's return.
Swedish ambassador Olof Skoog, who holds the Security Council's presidency, said: "We shouldn't just turn our back on Gambia now and walk away to the next situation but really make sure that we stay the course and support democracy."
Senegal's President Macky Sall said his country "will spare no effort to consolidate fraternal ties between the Gambian and Senegalese peoples".
Immunity for Jammeh?
Barrow will be staying at his own residence until further notice while State House, Jammeh's former seat of power, is assessed for potential risks.
His first job is to deal with an internal crisis after it emerged his choice for vice president, Fatoumata Jallow-Tambajang, may be constitutionally too old for the role.
Around 4,000 west African troops remain in The Gambia charged with ensuring safety, as it is believed rogue pro-Jammeh elements remain in the security forces that were once under his personal control.
"President Adama Barrow has asked us to remain for two or three weeks to see if there are arms caches or mercenaries hiding out," said Marcel Alain de Souza, head of the 15-nation Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) commission.
ECOWAS is ready to muster a force of up to 7,000 troops, he said this week.
Jammeh finally left the country on Saturday, January 21, and went into exile in Equatorial Guinea under threat of regional military intervention.
The authorities have accused the former strongman of plundering state coffers and making off with $11 million (10 million euros).
But the new government has that confirmed Jammeh will be permitted to keep a fleet of luxury cars, including two Rolls Royces.
Barrow has told Jammeh he will have all the rights legally ensured to an ex-president, which under Gambian law include immunity from prosecution, barring a vote by two-thirds of the national assembly.
However Chambas said there was nothing in the UN-backed agreement that paved the way for Jammeh's departure that gave him immunity. – Rappler.com