mental health

Japan’s suicides jump 16% in COVID-19 2nd wave after fall in 1st wave – study

Reuters
Japan’s suicides jump 16% in COVID-19 2nd wave after fall in 1st wave – study

CROWD. Commuters wearing protective masks, amid the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, make their way at Shinagawa station in Tokyo, Japan, January 8, 2021.

Photo by Kim Kyung-Hoon/Reuters

The study finds that the child suicide rate spiked 49% in the second wave, corresponding to the period after a nationwide school closure

Suicide rates in Japan have jumped in the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly among women and children, even though they fell in the first wave when the government offered generous handouts to people, a survey found.

The July-October suicide rate rose 16% from the same period a year earlier, a stark reversal of the February-June decline of 14%, according to the study by researchers at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology.

“Unlike normal economic circumstances, this pandemic disproportionately affects the psychological health of children, adolescents, and females (especially housewives),” the authors wrote in the study published on Friday, January 15, in the journal Nature Human Behaviour.

The early decline in suicides was affected by such factors as government subsidies, reduced working hours, and school closure, the study found.

But the decline reversed – with the suicide rate jumping 37% for women, about 5 times the increase among men – as the prolonged pandemic hurt industries where women predominate, increasing the burden on working mothers, while domestic violence increased, the report said.

The study, based on health ministry data from November 2016 to October 2020, found the child suicide rate spiked 49% in the second wave, corresponding to the period after a nationwide school closure.

Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga this month issued a COVID-19 state of emergency for Tokyo and 3 surrounding prefectures in a bid to stem the resurgence. He expanded it this week to 7 more prefectures, including Osaka and Kyoto.

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Taro Kono, administrative and regulatory reform minister, told Reuters on Thursday that while the government would consider extending the state of emergency, it “cannot kill the economy.”

“People worry about COVID-19. But a lot of people have also committed suicide because they have lost their jobs, they have lost their income, and couldn’t see the hope,” he said. “We need to strike the balance between managing COVID-19 and managing the economy.” – Rappler.com

In the Philippines, the Natasha Goulbourn Foundation has a depression and suicide prevention hotline to help those suffering from depression. The numbers to call are ‎804-4673 and ‎0917-558-4673. Globe and TM subscribers may call the toll-free number 2919. More information is available on its website.

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