Britain in new era after Cameron's shock victory

LONDON, United Kingdom – Britain was on Sunday, May 10, adjusting to a new political landscape after a shock election victory for Prime Minister David Cameron that decapitated the opposition and bolstered secessionists in Scotland.

While Cameron spent the weekend drawing up his new team of ministers, the Scottish National Party (SNP) was celebrating its seismic gains, insisting it would not be sidelined in the new parliament.

Despite pollsters predicting that Cameron's Conservatives would lose ground in Thursday's (May 7) vote, they won 331 of the 650 seats in parliament, giving the prime minister a second term in office – this time with a majority for his center-right party.

While there were dramatic gains for the Conservatives and the Scottish National Party (SNP), the opposition was left in disarray after the Labour and Liberal Democrat leaders quit over their parties' drubbings.

The UK Independence Party (UKIP) leader also resigned, after a huge swell in votes for the populist party translated into only one parliamentary seat.

Dozens of anti-austerity protesters unhappy with Cameron's return to power clashed with police during a protest outside Downing Street on Saturday, May 9, leading to two officers being hospitalized and 17 arrests.

Anti-Tory graffiti was also daubed on a war memorial honoring the women of WWII in what the Royal British Legion called a "senseless act".

The victory gives the Conservatives a freer hand than in Cameron's previous government – a coalition with the Liberal Democrats – but the slender majority leaves them prey to rebellion from within their own ranks.

The Times said Cameron would need "every ounce of statesmanship" to surmount the challenges facing him.

"His majority is slim and using it will not be easy. His real work starts now."

Hollande warning over EU

Cameron had already agreed to hold an in-out referendum on Britain's European Union membership by 2017 due to pressure from the Conservative right wing and a rising UKIP, and he was quick to confirm his pledge on Friday, May 8.

There is growing concern in the business community about the referendum, even though Cameron has said he will campaign to stay in as long as he can negotiate reforms to cut down on EU migrants moving to Britain.

WHAT NOW? British political leaders (L-R) Ed Miliband (Labour), Defence Minister Michael Fallon, Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg (Liberal Democrats), Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond, and British Prime Minister David Cameron (Conservative), at the Cenotaph for the VE70 Commemorations in Whitehall, central London, England, May 8, 2015. Andy Rain/EPA

WHAT NOW? British political leaders (L-R) Ed Miliband (Labour), Defence Minister Michael Fallon, Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg (Liberal Democrats), Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond, and British Prime Minister David Cameron (Conservative), at the Cenotaph for the VE70 Commemorations in Whitehall, central London, England, May 8, 2015.

Andy Rain/EPA

EU partners gave a taste of the tough talks ahead in their congratulations for his re-election, with French President Francois Hollande saying that there were "rules in Europe" to be respected.

European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker said the bloc's 4 key principles including freedom of movement were "non-negotiable".

Cameron will also face a tough battle to keep Scotland in the United Kingdom, and in a post-election speech pledged to grant sweeping new local powers.

Cameron has kept his 4 main ministers in place and boosted the nominal power of his finance minister George Osborne.

Former education secretary Michael Gove will become the justice secretary while Nicky Morgan will stay on as education chief, it was reported Saturday. Chris Grayling and Mark Harper will also named in the new cabinet.

Cameron is expected to take until Monday, May 11, to complete his cabinet fully, then finalize more junior ministerial posts over the coming week.

Scottish secessionists triumphant

Center-left Labour lost 26 seats and now has 232 MPs, while the centrist Liberal Democrats were eviscerated after 5 years in coalition with the Conservatives, ending up with just 8 seats after losing 49.

In Scotland, the left-wing SNP won a historic landslide – 56 of the 59 Scottish seats – just seven months after losing a referendum on seceding from the United Kingdom.

"The people of Scotland on Thursday voted for an SNP manifesto, which had ending austerity as its number one priority," party leader Nicola Sturgeon said as her MPs rallied Saturday at the iconic Forth Rail Bridge outside Edinburgh.

Their success raised questions about another independence referendum, but Sturgeon on Sunday told the BBC's Andrew Marr Show that the issue was not "on the immediate horizon", unless Scotland votes to stay in the EU and English voters elect to leave.

The Labour Party is set for a period of soul-searching as it starts choosing a replacement for Ed Miliband, who stood down as leader.

Former leader Tony Blair on Sunday told the party to ditch its shift to the left, saying that "the route to the summit lies through the center ground."

"Hard-working families don't just want us celebrating their hard work; they want to know that by hard work and effort they can rise up, achieve," he wrote in the Observer.

"They want to be better off and they need to know we don't just tolerate that, we support it." – Dario Thuburn, AFP / Rappler.com