SKOPJE, North Macedonia – North Macedonia's prime minister on Saturday, October 19, called for an early election after the European Union decided against membership talks for the Balkan state, denying his administration a key policy success.
After hours of heated wrangling, European Union leaders on Friday, October 18, could not agree on starting Skopje's accession negotiations, chiefly because of opposition from France.
The issue is now on hold until next spring.
The move triggered a wave of anger and disappointment, not just in North Macedonia and Albania – whose bid was also put on hold – but among EU officials and leaders who had lobbied hard to open the talks.
"We are victims of the EU's historic mistake," North Macedonian Prime Minister Zoran Zaev said in a televised address, echoing the words of European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker a day earlier, who appeared deeply apologetic for the decision.
"This is what I'm proposing: organizing quick snap elections where you, citizens, will decide the road we are going to take," Zaev said, adding that he would meet with the president and other political leaders on Sunday to discuss the next steps.
"I have no date, all options are open, we will agree on that all together," he added.
'Give me a mandate'
In his address, Zaev said he shared the "anger and disappointment" of the people.
But he asked them to give him another chance to keep fighting for the membership bid.
"I love my country, so I am asking people to give me a mandate to continue along this path."
"We seek to be in EU not in order to be in Europe, because we are already a part of the continent, but for the values. We should not be discouraged," he added.
A Social Democrat, Zaev came to power in 2017, ousting the right-wing party of former strongman Nikola Gruevksi who had been in power for a decade.
Since then, his government has poured all of its political capital into putting North Macedonia on a path to EU membership.
That included embarking on a complicated and politically risky effort to change his country's name – which was previously Macedonia – to resolve a long-running row with Greece which had been seen as the major stumbling block for any future EU integration.
Brussels had pushed hard for the name change and promised the Balkan state would be rewarded.
Apart from France, all the other EU states accepted that North Macedonia had made enough progress on reforms to start talks.
But French President Emmanuel Macron refused to budge from his position that the entire accession process must first be reformed before taking in new members.
The failure to follow through is now "disastrous" for the EU's credibility in the Western Balkans region, said James Ker-Lindsay, a Balkans expert at the London School of Economics.
Zaev's government had "staked its whole reputation on settling the name issue in return for EU talks," he said. – Rappler.com