MADRID, Spain – Spain's parliament suspended Friday, May 24, the mandates of 4 Catalan lawmakers who were elected while in custody and on trial over their role in the failed 2017 separatist bid.
The expected move could reduce the threshold of an absolute majority that acting Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez needs in the congress, or lower house, to be sworn in for a second term.
His Socialists came top in a general election last month but failed to secure a majority in the assembly.
However, if the 4 lawmakers cede their seats to replacements, Sanchez would once again need the help of Catalan separatist parties to be sworn in during an investiture vote expected in the first week of July.
The mandates of Oriol Junqueras, Jordi Turull, Josep Rull and Jordi Sanchez were automatically suspended because they are being held in custody while on trial in the Supreme Court, parliament speaker Meritxell Batet told a news conference.
She said she had asked for a report to clarify what the threshold for an absolute majority will be in this case.
The 4 men have been charged with rebellion for organizing a banned independence referendum which was followed by a short-lived declaration of independence, sparking Spain's worst political crisis in decades.
The first 3 have also been charged with embezzlement of public money to stage the referendum, which was marred by a violent police crackdown.
Catalan senator Raul Romeva, who is also on trial for rebellion and embezzlement, was expected to be suspended later by the Senate, parliament's upper house.
The Supreme Court allowed the 5 Catalan leaders to temporarily leave jail on Tuesday, May 21, to be sworn in along with other newly-elected lawmakers.
They are among 12 Catalan leaders to go on trial since February, with a ruling in the highly sensitive proceedings expected during the second half of the year.
Junqueras, a former Catalan vice-president who heads the separatist ERC party, is the lead candidate in Sunday's European Parliament election for a European regionalist party that defends the right to self-determination, the European Free Alliance.
His rival, former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont who fled to Belgium after the failed independence declaration, will also stand in the European elections as the leading candidate for his Junts per Catalunya (JxCat), the other main separatist party.
The two hope to use their positions in the European Parliament to denounce what they consider to be Madrid's heavy-handed repression.
Conservative parties, including upstart far-right party Vox which won seats in parliament for the first time last month, accuse Sanchez and his left-wing allies of preparing to make concessions to the separatists in exchange for support in parliament.
Sanchez argues he is only seeking dialogue with the separatists in the hope of defusing the Catalan crisis. – Rappler.com