LIST: Chinese companies sanctioned by US for South China Sea island-building

The United States has imposed sanctions over 24 Chinese companies and its officials, citing their role in the militarization and reclamation of maritime features in the South China Sea. 

The move was the latest step in Washington's efforts to take punitive action against China for its encroachment in the volatile waterway and what has been described as the Asian giant's "completely unlawful" expansive maritime claims across most of the South China Sea.

Why it matters: “Since 2013, the PRC has used its state-owned enterprises to dredge and reclaim more than 3,000 acres on disputed features in the South China Sea, destabilizing the region, trampling on the sovereign rights of its neighbors, and causing untold environmental devastation,” US State Secretary Mike Pompeo earlier said. 

The US Department of Commerce said the dredging and construction of certain outposts also violated the Philippines’ sovereign rights which the Permanent Court of Arbitration affirmed in a 2016 ruling the Philippine won against China. 

Why there are sanctions: Pompeo said individuals included were “responsible for, or complicit in, either the large-scale reclamation, construction, or militarization of disputed outposts in the South China Sea, or the PRC’s use of coercion against Southeast Asian claimants to inhibit their access to offshore resources.” 

As for the 24 firms, Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said the entities designated  “have played a significant role in China’s provocative construction of these artificial islands and must be held accountable.”

The named companies include several subsidiaries of the China Construction & Communications Corporation, one of the main contractors in Beijing’s Belt and Road initiative. 

Those in the list are the following: 

  • China Communications Construction Company Dredging Group Co., Ltd.
  • China Communications Construction Company Tianjin Waterway Bureau
  • China Communications Construction Company Shanghai Waterway Bureau
  • China Communications Construction Company Guangzhou Waterway Bureau
  • China Communications Construction Company Second Navigation Engineering Bureau
  • Beijing Huanjia Telecommunication Co., Ltd.
  • Changzhou Guoguang Data Communications Co., Ltd.
  • China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, 7th Research Institute (CETC-7)
  • Guangzhou Hongyu Technology Co., Ltd., (a subordinate institute of CETC-7)
  • Guangzhou Tongguang Communication Technology Co., Ltd. (a subordinate institute of
    CETC-7)
  • China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, 30th Research Institute (CETC-30)
  • China Shipbuilding Group, 722nd Research Institute
  • Chongxin Bada Technology Development Co., Ltd.
  • Guangzhou Guangyou Communications Equipment Co., Ltd.
  • Guangzhou Haige Communication Group Co., Ltd.
  • Guilin Changhai Development Co., Ltd.
  • Hubei Guangxing Communications Technology Co., Ltd.
  • Shaanxi Changling Electronic Technology Co., Ltd.
  • Shanghai Cable Offshore Engineering Co., Ltd.
  • Telixin Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
  • Tianjin Broadcasting Equipment Co., Ltd.
  • Tianjin 764 Avionics Technology Co., Ltd.
  • Tianjin 764 Communication and Navigation Technology Co., Ltd.
  • Wuhan Mailite Communication Co., Ltd.

What comes next: Companies that were added to the state’s entity list that are banned from exporting American technology and products, unless special permission to do is obtained. 

In addition, Pompeo said individuals associated with the South China Sea operations will be barred from the US while their family members may also face visa restrictions. 

In the Philippines, Foreign Secretary Teodoro Locsin Jr said that he would "strongly recommend" the termination of local contracts with Chinese firms blacklisted in the US. 

“If they were in any way involved in the reclamation then it becomes consistent in our part to terminate any contract with them,” Locsin said. CCCC has been awarded at least one Philippine contract for the construction of an international airport in Sangley Point, Cavite– Rappler.com

Sofia Tomacruz

Sofia Tomacruz covers foreign affairs, the overseas Filipino workers, and elections. She also writes stories on the treatment of women and children. Follow her on Twitter @sofiatomacruz. Email her at sofia.tomacruz@rappler.com.

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