About 7 in 10 or 73% of women journalist respondents had experienced online violence, according to a 2020 survey by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the International Center for Journalists.
It defined online violence as a combination of the following:
According to the report, perpetrators include "misogynistic mobs" that try to silence women and state-linked disinformation networks, among others.
The report also said most women journalists do not report or publicize the attacks they experience, with many employers still reluctant to take online violence seriously.
The report – authored by Julie Posetti, Nermine Aboulez, Kalina Bontcheva, Jackie Harrison, and Silvio Waisbord – surveyed over 900 validated participants from 125 countries, including the Philippines.
A big majority of the respondents were women (80%), followed by men (19%), and transgender or binary (1%).
Almost half (46%) of the respondents are reporters, while 12% represent top management or editorial leadership.
Other findings include:
The UNESCO-commissioned survey was fielded in 5 languages – Arabic, English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese – via "purposive sampling" with "snowballing" techniques, where respondents' help was sought to identify other potential participants.
"The results, therefore, are not generalizable, although it is legitimate to extrapolate many patterns that may well have wider applicability," the report said. – Rappler.com
Camille Elemia is Rappler's lead reporter for media, disinformation issues, and democracy. She won an ILO award in 2017. She received the prestigious Fulbright-Hubert Humphrey fellowship in 2019, allowing her to further study media and politics in the US. Email email@example.com