BAGHOUZ, Syria – US-backed forces consolidated their positions around the Islamic State group's (IS, formerly known as ISIS or the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq) last redoubt in eastern Syria Friday, March 15, as the country's devastating conflict entered its ninth year with more than 370,000 dead.
All that remains of a once-sprawling proto-state that the ISIS jihadists declared in 2014 is a battered riverside camp in the village of Baghouz near the Iraqi border.
The SDF said "1,300 terrorists and their families" gave themselves up on Thursday, March 14, alone as its fighters slowed their advance to allow them to exit.
An Agence France-Presse (AFP) correspondent on the ground on Friday heard aircraft overhead but said the guns had largely fallen silent.
The SDF said its fighters were consolidating their positions after jihadist counterattacks and foiled suicide bombings.
The force was "consolidating and rotating its troops," SDF spokesman Jiaker Amed told AFP.
"There are still women and children who want to surrender, so we are obliged to slow down operations," he said in the neighboring village of Sousa.
"Operations risk being slowed again today to allow more departures of jihadists and their families," Amed said, but he was unable to give an estimate for the number of people left inside Baghouz.
"Those left are strongly attached to the (jihadists') ideology," he said. "There are a lot of suicide bombers but there are also families and children."
- Death toll tops 370,000 -
Since the months-old SDF offensive resumed on March 10, more than 4,000 suspected ISIS members and their relatives have surrendered, according to the SDF.
About 60,000 people have streamed out of ISIS-held territory since December, the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says, a tenth of them suspected jihadists.
The exodus has sparked a humanitarian crisis in Kurdish-held camps for the displaced, where women and children have arrived exhausted after weeks of siege.
These include the wives and children of alleged foreign jihadists, hundreds of whom are being held by the Kurdish forces.
France said Friday it had repatriated 5 orphaned children – aged 5 or under – from these camps.
"The decision was taken in view of the situation of these very young children, who are particularly vulnerable," the foreign ministry said, and the government was in touch with their French relatives.
The International Rescue Committee says 120 people – mainly young children – have died on their way to the main Al-Hol camp or after arrival.
Eight years of war in Syria have left more than 370,000 people dead including 112,000 civilians, the Observatory said, raising its last toll of over 360,000 issued in September.
The monitoring group, which has a network of sources across Syria, said that more than 21,000 children and 13,000 women were among the dead.
The conflict flared after unprecedented anti-government protests in the southern city of Daraa on March 15, 2011.
Demonstrations spread across Syria and were brutally suppressed by the regime, triggering a multi-front armed conflict that has drawn in foreign powers and militant groups.
Over 125,000 Syrian government soldiers and pro-regime fighters figure in the latest death toll, the Observatory said.
- 'Hypocrisy' -
It said 67,000 of those killed were other fighters including rebels and Kurds.
A further 66,000 were jihadists, mainly from ISIS and Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), dominated by Al-Qaeda's former affiliate in Syria.
The devastating conflict has displaced or sent into exile millions of Syrians, and cost almost $400 billion in damages, according to the United Nations.
With the support of powerful allies Russia and Iran, President Bashar al-Assad has won his war for political survival but his country is fractured and cash-strapped.
Having reversed rebel gains with a massive Russian intervention, Assad now controls almost two-thirds of Syria's territory.
But key areas remain beyond regime control, including a swathe of the oil-rich northeast held by the SDF.
Idlib in northwestern Syria, held by HTS, is protected by a ceasefire deal between Ankara and Moscow which has seen Turkish troops deployed to the area.
Syria's conflict is estimated to have set its economy back 3 decades, destroying infrastructure and paralyzing the production of electricity and oil.
International donors – led by the European Union – meeting on Thursday pledged nearly $7 billion in aid for 2019 for civilians caught up in the conflict.
Syria on Friday accused the European Union of "hypocrisy" in donating aid to help Syrians, while continuing to impose a raft of sanctions on the regime. – Rappler.com