Coup-plagued Fiji goes to the polls
SUVA, Fiji – Fiji's second election since a 2006 military takeover – pitting one coup leader against another – passed off peacefully Wednesday, November 14, although heavy rain dampened voter turnout in the Pacific island nation.
The ballot sees Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama, the former military chief who led a bloodless takeover of the government 12 years ago, face off against another coup leader, Sitiveni Rabuka of the SODELPA Party.
Bainimarama's FijiFirst Party, which secured a landslide 59% in the last election 4 years ago, is favorite to retain office against a fractured opposition.
Bainimarama, 64, has promised stability and an end to the "coup culture" that saw 4 governments toppled between 1987 and 2006.
Rabuka, who staged two coups in 1987 and led the country from 1992-99, was only cleared to run in the election on Monday, November 12, after defeating corruption charges that government critics said were politically motivated.
Torrential rain forced the closure of 23 polling stations and affected turnout among the 550,000 registered voters in the nation of 920,000.
"With numbers still coming in, it looks like we may be facing low voter turnout," Elections Supervisor Mohammed Saneem said as he declared polling had ended.
"The weather was persistent in terms of rain all day and we had to close a few of the polling venues due to accessibility issues."
Preliminary results will be released later Wednesday but an election winner will not be known for 4 or 5 days as votes trickle in from polling stations on the archipelago's more remote islands.
'Ignore coup rumors'
Given the backgrounds of both major candidates, there have inevitably been rumors one of the election's major players could try to stage a coup if the vote does not go their way.
However, police commissioner Sitiveni Qiliho said in the lead-up to the election that 2,000 officers were on duty to ensure there was no unrest.
"I want to reiterate again to all Fijians, forget the rumors," he told reporters.
"We are in control of the security situation here, go out and vote for the government you want. We will provide you with security you need."
Speaking on the streets of the capital, voter Ravai Vafoou said there was no appetite for another coup among the general public.
"Whether the party you voted for wins or not, the general notion is that as Fijians we will support whichever party forms government," he said.
FijiFirst's supporters say it has helped heal racial divisions by introducing equal rights for Indian-Fijians, a sizable minority brought in to work on sugar plantations during British colonial rule.
It has also overseen a prosperous period for the tourism-driven economy, which is growing by more than 3% a year.
Initially branded a dictator by regional powers such as Australia and New Zealand, Bainimarama has gained international acceptance since the 2014 election.
He has campaigned on the global stage for climate change action, chairing the UN's COP 23 talks on global warming and highlighting the plight of island nations threatened by rising seas.
However, Amnesty International says Bainimarama's government is yet to fully restore freedoms that were suspended for several years after the 2006 coup.
"Since the last general elections in 2014, the human rights situation in Fiji has remained under attack," it said ahead of the vote, pointing to police brutality, curbs on freedom of assembly and media, as well as persecution of rights advocates.
SODELPA is the largest of the 5 opposition parties, winning 28% of the vote in 2014.
But observers say internal divisions and a succession of corruption cases against party leaders have rendered opposition to Bainimarama's government largely ineffective. – Rappler.com