Mexico probes US spying, France says snooping must end
MEXICO CITY, Mexico (UPDATED) – Mexico is to investigate allegations that the United States spied on the emails of President Enrique Peña Nieto and his predecessor, the latest diplomatic wrangle stemming from America's intelligence-gathering efforts.
The row, following leaks from the former US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden, coincided with a report that millions of phone calls in France were being monitored by the National Security Agency.
While France told the United States to stop snooping on its citizens, the US Director of National Intelligence, James Clapper, said Tuesday, October 22, that reports from the daily Le Monde contained "inaccurate and misleading" information about America's foreign intelligence activities.
The anger in Mexico City and Paris has put Washington in an awkward position with allies that collaborate on everything from terror investigations to the war on drugs.
Peña Nieto ordered an "exhaustive" probe into claims that the NSA hacked his emails while he was running for office last year, as well as the messages of predecessor Felipe Calderon while in office.
The Mexican investigation will look into whether such spying indeed took place and if any local officials were complicit, said Interior Minister Miguel Angel Osorio Chong.
Since Peña Nieto took office in December, Mexico has "revised and strengthened" the security of the president's voice and computer communications, he added.
The allegations that Calderon was spied on from May 2010 were reported by German weekly Der Spiegel on Sunday after a similar report by US journalist Glenn Greenwald last month that Peña Nieto had been targeted by the NSA.
The Mexican leader has said that US President Barack Obama pledged to launch an investigation into the alleged spying on his emails.
But Foreign Minister Jose Antonio Meade said he would summon the US ambassador over the latest claims and that the American response so far had been "unacceptable."
France seeks to avoid 'escalation'
In Paris, Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius used a breakfast meeting with US Secretary of State John Kerry to demand a full explanation of the latest revelations on the NSA's spying program.
"I said again to John Kerry what (French President) Francois Hollande told Barack Obama, that this kind of spying conducted on a large scale by the Americans on its allies is something that is unacceptable," Fabius said.
All the signs, however, were that France wants to defuse the row.
When asked if her country was considering reprisals over the NSA's conduct, government spokeswoman Najat Vallaud-Belkacem replied: "I don't think there is any need for an escalation.
"Our confidence in that has been hit but it is after all a very close, individual relationship that we have," she said.
Le Monde reported this week that the NSA had monitored more than 70 million phone communications in France between December 10, 2012 and January 8 this year, apparently targeting business and political figures as well as terrorism suspects.
Le Monde followed up on Tuesday by publishing details of US spying on French embassies around the world.
Clapper, the US intelligence chief, said the Le Monde report that the NSA collected 70 million recordings of French citizens was "false" but he added in a statement that he would not discuss details of US activities.
"The United States values our longstanding friendship and alliance with France and we will continue to cooperate on security and intelligence matters going forward," he said.
Obama has already initiated a review of how America gathers intelligence with a view to addressing concerns over citizens' right to privacy, officials say.
US officials have argued that intelligence acquired from phone monitoring can benefit all of Washington's allies in fighting terrorism.
Known about for a very long time
Most commentators were not surprised that the United States was conducting intelligence operations in France.
"It doesn't mean it is not very serious, and the Americans must explain themselves, but this has all been known about for a very long time," said Christian Jacob, an opposition MP.
In Mexico, the opposition and analysts said the government's initial response was soft.
"We expect a very strong protest from the foreign minister to the US government and a formal and firm request that the (US) investigation accelerate," said the president of the lower house of Congress, Ricardo Anaya of Calderon's conservative National Action Party (PAN). – Rappler.com