At a glance
- Ghani says in talks with local leaders, foreign partners
- Pul-e-Alam, 70 kilometers from Kabul, falls to rapid Taliban
- Town’s capture follows fall of key cities Kandahar, Herat
- 3,000 US troops to arrive in Kabul by Sunday
Afghanistan’s President Ashraf Ghani held urgent talks with local leaders and international partners on Saturday, August 14, as Taliban rebels pushed closer to Kabul, capturing a town south of the capital that is one of the gateways to the city.
The United States and Britain rushed in troops to help evacuate their embassies after the militants captured town after town as US and other foreign forces that have backed the government withdrew.
Many Afghans have fled from the provinces to the capital, driven out by fighting and fearful of a return to hardline Islamist rule, as resistance from Afghan government forces crumbles.
“As your president, my focus is on preventing further instability, violence, and displacement of my people,” Ghani said in a brief televised address, adding that he was consulting government, elders, politicians and international leaders.
He gave no sign of responding to a Taliban demand that he resign as a condition for any talks on a ceasefire and a political settlement, saying his priority remained the consolidation of the country’s security and defense forces.
“Serious measures are being taken in this regard,” he said, without elaborating.
Qatar, which has been hosting so-far inconclusive peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban, said on Saturday it had urged the insurgents to cease fire during a meeting with their representatives on Saturday.
Earlier the Taliban, facing little resistance, took Pul-e-Alam, capital of Logar province and 70 kilometers (40 miles) south of Kabul, according to a local provincial council member, who spoke to Reuters on condition of anonymity.
The town is a staging post for a potential assault on Kabul. Its capture came a day after the insurgents took the country’s second- and third-biggest cities. The Taliban says it is close to capturing Maidan Shahr, another town close to Kabul.
An Afghan government official confirmed on Friday that Kandahar, the biggest city in the south, was under Taliban control as US-led international forces complete their withdrawal after 20 years of war.
The US-led invasion, which ousted the Taliban from power, was launched after the Sept. 11 attacks on the United States in 2001.
Herat in the west, near the border with Iran, also fell to the group.
Kandahar’s loss was a heavy blow to the government. It is the heartland of the Taliban – ethnic Pashtun fighters who emerged in 1994 amid the chaos of civil war. It is also close to the town of Spin Boldak, one of the two main entry points into Pakistan and a major source of tax revenues.
American troops have begun flying in to Kabul to help in the evacuation of embassy personnel and other civilians, a US official said on condition of anonymity.
The Pentagon has said two battalions of Marines and an infantry battalion will arrive in Kabul by Sunday evening, involving about 3,000 troops. An infantry brigade combat team will move to Kuwait to act as a quick reaction force for security in Kabul if needed.
The Czech Republic said it was evacuating its two diplomats on Saturday and Italy said it would evacuate its embassy if necessary.
Some embassies have begun to burn sensitive material ahead of evacuating, diplomats said.
Many people in the capital were stocking up on rice and other food as well as first aid, residents said.
Visa applications at embassies were running in the tens of thousands, officials said, and Washington was asking countries to temporarily house Afghans who worked for the US government.
A US defense official said before the fall of Pul-e-Alam that there was concern that the Taliban could make a move on Kabul within days.
“Kabul is not right now in an imminent threat environment, but clearly … if you just look at what the Taliban has been doing, you can see that they are trying to isolate Kabul,” Pentagon spokesman John Kirby said.
The explosion in fighting has raised fears of a refugee crisis and a rollback of gains in human rights, especially for women. Some 400,000 civilians have been forced from their homes this year, 250,000 of them since May, a UN official said.
Canada said it would resettle more than 20,000 vulnerable Afghans including women leaders, human rights workers and reporters to protect them from Taliban reprisals.
Of Afghanistan’s major cities, the government still holds Mazar-i-Sharif in the north and Jalalabad, near the Pakistani border in the east, in addition to Kabul.
The speed of the Taliban’s gains has led to recriminations over the US withdrawal, which was negotiated last year under the administration of President Joe Biden’s Republican predecessor, Donald Trump.
Biden said this week he did not regret his decision to follow through with the withdrawal. He noted Washington has spent more than $1 trillion and lost thousands of troops over two decades, and called on Afghanistan’s army and leaders to step up. – Rappler.com