US, British warships sent to typhoon-hit PH

TACLOBAN CITY, Philippines (2nd UPDATE) – US and British warships were deployed Tuesday, November 12, to the typhoon-ravaged Philippines where well over 10,000 people are feared dead and countless survivors are begging for help in rain-soaked wastelands.

Four days after Super Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) destroyed entire coastal towns in mostly poor central islands with record winds and tsunami-like waves, the magnitude of the disaster continued to build with almost unimaginable horror.

"We are certainly expecting the worst. As we get more and more access we find the tragedy of more and more people killed in this typhoon," United Nations humanitarian operations director John Ging said.

The UN warned 10,000 people were feared dead in just one city, Tacloban, the provincial capital of Leyte province where five-meter (16-feet) waves flattened nearly everything in their path as they swept hundreds of meters (yards) inland.

Nearly 10 million people, or 10% of the Philippines' population, have been affected, while 660,000 have lost their homes, the UN added.

Overwhelmed and under-resourced rescue workers have been unable to provide desperately needed food, water, medicines, shelter and other relief supplies to many survivors, and desperation has been building across the disaster zones.

"There is nothing here left for us. Our house is gone, we don't have any money, we don't have our documents, passports, school records," Carol Mampas, 48, told Agence France-Presse at Tacloban's demolished airport as she cradled her feverish baby son in a blanket.

"Please, please, tell authorities to help us. Where is the food, where is the water? Where are the military collecting the dead?"

Dead bodies still litter the wreckage, while security concerns are building as gangs take advantage of a security vacuum to loot homes and businesses that survived the typhoon.

Downpours worsen desperation

Heavy rain overnight in Tacloban compounded the survivors' desperation, while a tropical storm to the south threatened other typhoon-hit islands where hundreds of other people were also killed.

An international relief effort has begun to build momentum, with the United States and Britain announcing they would quickly deploy warships carrying thousands of soldiers to the Philippines.

The Pentagon said the aircraft carrier USS George Washington, which has 5,000 sailors and more than 80 aircraft aboard, will head to the United States' close Asian ally on Tuesday, from Hong Kong where it is currently on a port visit.

Five other warships are also being deployed, and the group is expected to reach the Philippines within two to three days, the Pentagon said. Ninety US marines arrived in Tacloban on Monday as an advance team.

"These ships and aircraft will be able to provide humanitarian assistance, supplies, and medical care in support of the ongoing efforts led by the government and military of the Republic of the Philippines," the Pentagon said.

Britain will also send a warship, currently deployed in nearby Singapore "at full speed" to the Philippines, British Prime Minister David Cameron announced on Monday.

Many other countries have pledged help, while United Nations agencies started to ramp up their disaster-response programs.

The UN children's fund UNICEF said a cargo plane carrying 60 tons of aid including shelters and medicine would arrive in the Philippines Tuesday, to be followed by deliveries of water purification and sanitation equipment.

The UN refugee agency, UNHCR, was also organizing an airlift carrying aid including hygiene kits.

Philippine President Benigno Aquino III late Monday, November 11, declared a national state of calamity, which allowed the government to impose price controls and quickly release emergency funds.

"In the coming days, be assured: help will reach you faster and faster," he said in a televised address.

"My appeal to you all is: remaining calm, praying, cooperating with, and assisting one another are the things that will help us to rise from this calamity."

Coastal towns reduced to piles of wood

Yolanda's sustained winds when it hit Samar island, where it first made landfall, reached 315 kilometers (195 miles) an hour, making it the strongest typhoon in the world this year and one of the most powerful ever recorded.

Aerial photos of Samar showed whole districts of coastal towns reduced to piles of splintered wood.

The advance American troops expressed shock at the scale of the disaster after getting a bird's eye view flying into Tacloban aboard C-130 transport aircraft full of relief supplies.

"Roads are impassable, trees are all down, posts are down, power is down.... I am not sure how else to describe this destruction," Brigadier General Paul Kennedy, the commanding general of the Okinawa-based 3rd Marine Expeditionary Brigade, told reporters.

The Philippines is hit with an average of 20 tropical storms or typhoons a year, as they emerge from the Pacific Ocean and sweep west.

However Haiyan's record intensity has fueled concerns that climate change is increasing the ferocity of storms.

If the death toll of more than 10,000 is correct, Yolanda would be the deadliest natural disaster ever recorded in the country, exceeding the 1976 Moro Gulf tsunami that killed between 5,000 and 8,000 people.

Haiyan swept out into the South China Sea on Saturday and hit Vietnam and China on Monday in a significantly weakened state, although still strong enough to uproot trees and tear roofs off hundreds of homes. At least seven people were reportedly killed in China. – Rappler.com

Get the latest info on the status of areas (http://www.rappler.com/move-ph/issues/disasters/typhoon-yolanda/43350-aftermath-yolanda-what-we-know) affected by typhoon Yolanda (international codename: Haiyan).

Help the victims of Yolanda. Visit Rappler's list of ongoing relief operations (http://www.rappler.com/move-ph/issues/disasters/43300-reliefph-victims-typhoon-yolanda-help) in your area. Tell us about your relief and recovery initiatives, email move.ph@rappler.com or tweet us @moveph.

Visit rappler.com/typhoon-yolanda for the latest updates on Typhoon Yolanda.